Index of Linguistic Diversity Database: 1,500 Sample Languages, Sorted Alphabetically by Language Name as Given in Ethnologue, 15th ed. (Gordon 2005)


Key to Column Headings:
ISO/DIS 639-3: International Standards Organisation unique identifier code
Name: Primary name as given in Gordon 2005
Main country: Main country as given in Gordon 2005
Indigenous?: As determined by ILD authors using International Labout Organisation Convention no. 169 definition of "indigenous"
E05MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 15th edition of Ethnologue (Gordon 2005)
E05YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E00MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 14th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 2000)
E00YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E96MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 13th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 1996)
E96YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E92MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 12th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 1992)
E92YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E88MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 11th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 1988)
E88YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E84MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 10th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 1984)
E84YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E78MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 9th edition of Ethnologue (B.F. Grimes 1978)
E78YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E58MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 5th edition of Ethnologue (Canonge and Pittman n.d [ca. 1958])
E58YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.
E51MTS: Number of mother-tongue (first-language) speakers as given in 1st edition of Ethnologue (WBT 1951)
E51YOE: Year of estimate of the above figure.

Data cell entries are self-explanatory, except:

DATA NOTE: For the sake of readability, this table does not contain all the information in the ILD database:

ISO/DIS 639-3 Name Main country Indigenous? E05MTS E05YOE E00MTS E00YOE E96MTS E96YOE E92MTS E92YOE E88MTS E88YOE E84MTS E84YOE E78MTS E78YOE E58MTS E58YOE E51MTS E51YOE
kbt Abadi Papua New Guinea Yes 2,121 2003 1,500 1975

1,500 1975



1,500 1975 not listed
not listed
abm Abanyom Nigeria Yes 12,500 1986 12,500 1986

3,850 1953



3,850 1953 not listed
not listed
abr Abron Ghana Yes 1,181,700 2005 738,300 2000

791,200 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
act Achterhoeks Netherlands
-1 2005 -1 2000

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
adq Adangbe Ghana Yes 2,000 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
adj Adioukrou Côte d Ivoire Yes 100,000 1999



80,300 1991



50,446 1966 not listed
not listed
ady Adyghe Russia (Europe)
499,180 2005 300,000 1993







275,000 1977 252,000 1958 not listed
aar Afar Ethiopia Yes 1,439,367 2005 1,579,000 2000

700,000 1992



363,000 1971 50,000 1951 not listed
avo Agavotaguerra Brazil Yes 100 1986 100 1986

100 1986 100 1986

not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
kit Agob Papua New Guinea Yes 2,436 2000 3,500 1990

1,100 1975



1,100 1975 not listed
not listed
agz Agta, Mt. Iriga Philippines Yes 1,500 1979 1,500 1979

1,500 1979



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
agv Agta, Remontado Philippines Yes 2,527 2000 2,000 1997

2,000 1977



2,000 1977 not listed
not listed
ahr Ahirani India
779,000 1997 779,000 1997

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aim Aimol India Yes

1,862 1981

108 1961



108 1961 not listed
not listed
aio Aiton India
5,000 1990 5,000 1990

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ahm Aizi, Mobumrin Côte d Ivoire Yes 2,000 1999 2,000 1999

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ajw Ajawa Nigeria Yes 0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aji Ajië New Caledonia Yes 4,044 1996 5,000 1982

5,000 1982



4,000 1977 not listed
not listed
cpc Ajyíninka Apurucayali Peru Yes 4,000 2000 5,000 1995

cluster 1992 cluster 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aci Aka-Cari India Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ake Akawaio Guyana Yes 5,000 2005



4,500 1992 4,500 1988

3,000 1974 not listed
not listed
tsr Akei Vanuatu Yes 650 1981 650 1981

650 1981



300 1978 not listed
not listed
akt Akolet Papua New Guinea Yes 954 1982 954 1982

954 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
akf Akpa Nigeria Yes 26,894 2000 5,500 1952

15,000 1973



15,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ibe Akpes Nigeria Yes 10,000 1992



-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ayk Akuku Nigeria Yes -1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
akw Akwa Congo Yes 24,147 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
akz Alabama USA Yes 100 1997 256 1990

200 1990 700 1977

700 1977 not listed
not listed
alk Alak Laos Yes 4,000 2000 4,000 2000

3,000 1981



cluster
not listed
not listed
alj Alangan Philippines
7,694 2000 7,000 1991

7,000 1991



6,000 1976 not listed
not listed
alf Alege Nigeria Yes 1,200 1973 1,200 1973

1,200 1973



1,200 1973 not listed
not listed
ald Alladian Côte d Ivoire Yes 23,000 1993 23,000 1993

18,500 1991



14,772 1965 not listed
not listed
nyi Ama Sudan Yes 70,000 1982 70,000 1982

70,000 1982



37,000 1971 not listed
not listed
amd Amapá Creole Brazil Yes 25,000 1995 25,000 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aaz Amarasi Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 50,000 1997 50,000 1997

not listed 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
rwm Amba (Uganda) Uganda Yes 20,500 2005 20,500 2000

9,000 1991



60,000 1972 not listed
not listed
omb Ambae, East Vanuatu Yes 5,000 1991 5,000 1991

5,000 1991



5,356 1959 not listed
not listed
abt Ambulas Papua New Guinea Yes 44,000 1991 44,000 1991

44,000 1991



33,000 1975 not listed
not listed
aey Amele Papua New Guinea
5,300 1987 5,300 1987

5,300 1987



4,624 1978 not listed
not listed
aex Amerax USA
-2 2005 -2 2000

-2 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
akn Amikoana Brazil Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
azm Amuzgo, Ipalapa Mexico Yes 2,000 1992 2,000 1992

2,000 1983 2,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
azg Amuzgo, San Pedro Amuzgos Mexico Yes 4,000 1990 4,000 1990

7,500 1982 7,500 1982

5,000 1977 not listed
not listed
akg Anakalangu Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 14,000 2005 14,000 1981

14,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
anz Anem Papua New Guinea
550 2003 600 1991

600 1991



1,000 1968 not listed
not listed
aby Aneme Wake Papua New Guinea
650 1990 650 1990

650 1990



579 1973 not listed
not listed
myo Anfillo Ethiopia Yes 500 1990 500 1990

500 1990



3,300 1971 not listed
not listed
age Angal Papua New Guinea
18,614 2000 10,000 1971

10,000 1971



10,000 1971 not listed
not listed
aoe Angal Enen Papua New Guinea Yes 22,000 1995 22,000 1995

20,000 1991



20,000 1971 not listed
not listed
amx Anmatyerre Australia Yes 800 1983 800 1983

800 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aor Aore Vanuatu Yes 1 1982 1 1982

1 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
apl Apache, Lipan USA Yes 3 1981 3 1981

10 1977 10 1977

10 1977 not listed
not listed
apm Apache, Mescalero-Chiricahua USA Yes 1,800 1977 1,800 1977

1,800 1977 1,800 1977

1,000 1978 not listed
not listed
apu Apurinã Brazil Yes 2,000 1994 2,000 1994

1,500 1988 3,000 1986

1,000 1976 1,000 1958 not listed
arq Arabic, Algerian Spoken Algeria
21,097,000 2005 22,400,000 1996 22,400,000 1996 23,700,000 1991 32,060,000 1987 24,843,827 1980

not listed
not listed
abv Arabic, Baharna Spoken (NB this is NOT the same as the previous ABV, which was listed as Arabic, Modern Standard) Bahrain
310,000 2005 310,000 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
afb Arabic, Gulf Spoken Iraq
2,338,600 2005 2,440,000 1995

9,310,000 1991



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yhd Arabic, Judeo-Iraqi Israel
100,100 1994 125,000 2000

164,100 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yud Arabic, Judeo-Tripolitanian Israel
35,000 2005 35,000 2000

-1




not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ary Arabic, Moroccan Spoken Morocco
19,480,600 2005 19,542,000 2000

17,000,000 1991 16,537,000 1986

11,589,500 1976 not listed
not listed
ars Arabic, Najdi Spoken Saudi Arabia
9,863,520 2005 9,800,000 2000

7,300,000 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
arg Aragonese Spain
11,000 2005 11,000 1993







cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
aqc Archi Russia (Europe) Yes 1,000 2000 859 1975

859 1975 859 1975

859 1975 800 1958 not listed
ark Arikapú Brazil Yes 6 1998 6 1998

15 1968 15 1968 15 1968 15 1968 100 1958 not listed
aoh Arma Colombia
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
aen Armenian Sign Language Armenia
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cni Asháninka Peru Yes 28,500 2000 25,000 1998

18,000 1981 18,000 1981

18,000 1976 not listed
not listed
cpu Ashéninka Pichis Peru Yes 12,000 2001 5,000 1986

cluster 1992 cluster 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cpy Ashéninka, South Ucayali Peru Yes 13,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ask Ashkun Afghanistan
1,200 2000 7,000 2000 7,000 1996 7,000 1992 7,000 1988 7,000 1984 7,000 1978 not listed
not listed
cns Asmat, Central Indonesia (Papua) Yes 7,000 1972 7,000 1972

cluster 1987



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
asm Assamese India
15,374,000 2005



10,000,000 1990



18,958,977 1971 not listed
not listed
asb Assiniboine Canada Yes

200 1986

200 1986 200 1986

100 1977 not listed
not listed
ast Asturian Spain
125,039 2005 100,000 1994

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
asr Asuri India
16,596 2001 5,819 1981

5,819 1981



4,540 1961 not listed
not listed
asn Asuriní, Xingú Brazil Yes 63 1994 63 1994







not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aqp Atakapa USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1977 not listed
not listed
aph Athpariya Nepal
2,000 1995 2,000 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
atk Ati Philippines Yes 1,500 1980 1,500 1980

1,500 1980



1,500 1977 not listed
not listed
cch Atsam Nigeria Yes 30,000 1972 30,000 1972

30,000 1972



10,200 1931 not listed
not listed
atw Atsugewi USA Yes 3 1994 4 1962

4 1962 4 1962

4 1962 not listed
not listed
azt Atta, Faire Philippines Yes 300 2000 550 1981

550 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
avs Aushiri Peru Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
asf Australian Sign Language Australia






-1
-1 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
awr Awera Indonesia (Papua) Yes 70 2000 100 1987

100 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kmn Awtuw Papua New Guinea Yes 506 2003 394 1979

377 1981



400 1971 not listed
not listed
psa Awyu, Asue Indonesia (Papua) Yes 6,500 2002 3,500 1987

3,500 1987



3,500 1978 not listed
not listed
awy Awyu, Edera Indonesia (Papua) Yes 3,870 2002 3,000 1987

3,000 1987



3,000 1978 not listed
not listed
blx Ayta, Mag-Indi Philippines Yes 5,000 1998 5,000 1998

2,483 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ayy Ayta, Tayabas Philippines Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ayu Ayu Nigeria Yes 800 2003 4,000 1976

4,000 1976



4,000 1976 not listed
not listed
bba Baatonum Benin Yes 560,000 2005 560,000 1995

400,000 1991 250,000 1987

240,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bfq Badaga India
245,374 2000 300,000 1997

104,919 1971



104,919 1971 not listed
not listed
bfj Bafanji Cameroon Yes 8,500 1982 8,500 1982

8,500 1982 8,500 1982

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bwt Bafaw-Balong Cameroon Yes 8,400 1982 8,400 1982

8,400 1982 8,400 1982



not listed
not listed
ksf Bafia Cameroon Yes 60,000 1991 60,000 1991

60,000 1991 60,100 1987

17,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bmd Baga Manduri Guinea Yes 4,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
bgm Baga Mboteni Guinea Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
bjh Bahinemo Papua New Guinea Yes 550 1998 550 1998

400 1991



325 1975 not listed
not listed
bca Bai, Central China Yes 800,000 2003 900,000 1996

900,000 1990



684,386 1972 not listed
not listed
bfs Bai, Southern China Yes 400,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bdh Baka (Sudan) Sudan Yes 26,300 2005 26,300 1993

24,300 1992



2,600 1971 not listed
not listed
bqi Bakhtiari Iran
1,000,000 2001 680,000 1989

680,000 1982



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ble Balanta-Kentohe Guinea-Bissau Yes 393,000 2005



348,100 1991



218,200 1976 not listed
not listed
bgx Balkan Gagauz Turkish Turkey (Europe)
331,000 2005 331,000 2000

11,000 1965 11,000 1965

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bgn Balochi, Western Pakistan
1,799,842 2005 1,800,000 2000

1,390,000 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
bmo Bambalang Cameroon Yes 14,500 1982 14,500 1982

14,500 1982 14,500 1982

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bce Bamenyam Cameroon Yes 4,000 1994 4,000 1994

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bvm Bamunka Cameroon Yes 15,200 1982 15,200 1982

15,200 1982 15,200 1982

17,000 1978 not listed
not listed
lnl Banda, South Central Central African Republic Yes 153,000 2005 153,000 1996

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
bgf Bangandu Cameroon Yes











not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bbe Bangba Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 11,000 1993 11,000 1993

29,000 1971



29,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bgz Banggai Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 100,000 1995 100,000 1995

115,000 1990



200,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bbb Barai Papua New Guinea Yes 800 2003 2,000 1998

3,000 1975



1,500 1975 not listed
not listed
brp Barapasi Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,500 1995 2,500 1995

1,000 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
brs Baras Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 250 1987 250 1987

250 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
boi Barbareño USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bae Baré Venezuela Yes 0 2005 -1 2000

263 1992 263 1988

238 1975 -1 1958 not listed
bpx Bareli, Palya India
25,000 2000 cluster


cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
bjk Barok Papua New Guinea Yes 2,116 1985 2,116 1985

1,878 1972



1,423 1978 not listed
not listed
bbi Barombi Cameroon Yes 3,000 2001 1,300 1982

1,300 1982 1,300 1982

1,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bjz Baruga Papua New Guinea Yes 2,227 2003 1,500 1998

1,051 1971



1,051 1971 not listed
not listed
bjf Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic Israel
20 2004 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bsq Bassa Liberia Yes 352,600 2005 353,000 1991

352,600 1992



166,000 1962 not listed
not listed
bsr Bassa-Kontagora Nigeria Yes 10 1987 10 1987

0 1992



0 1978 not listed
not listed
akb Batak Angkola Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 750,000 1991 750,000 1991

750,000 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
btd Batak Dairi Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 1,200,000 1991 1,200,000 1991

1,200,000 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bbc Batak Toba Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 2,000,000 1991 2,000,000 1991

2,000,000 1991



1,600,000 1977 not listed
not listed
btv Bateri Pakistan
29,051 2005 45,000 1992

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bwk Bauwaki Papua New Guinea Yes 398 1980 398 1980

378 1971



378 1971 not listed
not listed
bfr Bazigar India Yes 58,236 1981 100 1951

100 1951



100 1951 not listed
not listed
bea Beaver Canada Yes 300 1991 300 1991

500 1987 500 1987

800 1977 600 1957 not listed
bjv Bedjond Chad Yes 36,000 1969 36,000 1969

36,000 1969



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
beg Belait Brunei Yes 700 1995 700 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bvs Belgian Sign Language Belgium
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bey Beli (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 2,202 2000 1,453 1978

1,453 1978



1,500 1978 not listed
not listed
bng Benga Equatorial Guinea Yes





2,000 1992



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bie Bepour Papua New Guinea Yes 50 2000 57 1981

57 1981



95 1978 not listed
not listed
bxv Berakou Chad Yes 2 1995 2 1995

39 1974



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bkl Berik Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,200 1994 1,200 1994

1,000 1987





not listed
not listed
byt Berti Sudan Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bfe Betaf Indonesia (Papua) Yes 500 2000 400 1973

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
btg Bété, Gagnoa Côte d Ivoire Yes 150,000 1989 150,000 1989

150,000 1989



cluster
not listed
not listed
btb Beti Cameroon Yes 2,000,000 2005 2,000,000 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
eot Beti (Côte d Ivoire) Côte d Ivoire Yes 200 1999 3,181 1988

2,000 1982



4,000 1977 not listed
not listed
kap Bezhta Russia (Europe) Yes 3,000 1993 3,000 1993

cluster 1992 cluster 1988

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
bhe Bhaya Pakistan
700 1998 700 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bmt Biao Mon China Yes 20,000 1995 21,500 1993

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bjg Bidyogo Guinea-Bissau Yes 27,575 2002 24,500 1998

19,300 1991



10,000 1971 10,000 1958 not listed
bmc Biem Papua New Guinea Yes 1,455 1981 1,455 1981

1,455 1981



1,455 1977 not listed
not listed
brj Bieria Vanuatu Yes 170 1981 170 1981

170 1981



70 1977 not listed
not listed
byb Bikya Cameroon Yes 1 1986 1 1986

1 1986 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bhp Bima Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 500,000 1989 500,000 1989

500,000 1989



177,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bxz Binahari Papua New Guinea Yes 764 1980 764 1980

770 1971



770 1971 not listed
not listed
biy Birhor India Yes 10,000 1998 10,000 1998

1,500 1977



590 1961 not listed
not listed
bfo Birifor, Malba Burkina Faso Yes

110,500 2000

110,200 1991 90,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bnw Bisis Papua New Guinea Yes 500 1986 500 1986

395 1981



355 1978 not listed
not listed
bis Bislama Vanuatu
6,200 2005



-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bla Blackfoot Canada Yes 5,100 2005 5,800 2000

9,000 1977 9,000 1977

9,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
bgl Bo (Laos) Laos Yes 2,950 2000 2,000 1981

2,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bpw Bo (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 85 1998 85 1998

175 1975



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bgb Bobongko Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 1,500 2001 1,700 1991

not listed 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
boy Bodo (Central African Republic) Central African Republic Yes 15 1996 15 1996

11 1988



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bqu Boguru Sudan Yes





-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bdt Bokoto Central African Republic Yes 130,000 1996 130,000 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ply Bolyu China Yes 10,000 1993 10,000 1993

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bmq Bomu Mali Yes 158,000 2005 158,000 2000

361,700 1991



389,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bdg Bonggi Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 1,400 1990 1,400 1990

1,400 1990



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bpg Bonggo Indonesia (Papua) Yes 600 2000 432 1975

432 1975



432 1975 not listed
not listed
boa Bora Peru Yes 2,828 2005 3,000 2000

2,000 1981 2,500 1986

1,900 1977 not listed
not listed
brn Boruca Costa Rica Yes 5 1986 5 1986

5 1986 5 1986

500 1978 700 1957 not listed
bqs Bosngun Papua New Guinea Yes 1,225 2000 717 1975

717 1975



714 1974 not listed
not listed
bos Bosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina
4,000,000 2004 4,000,000 1995

cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
bra Braj Bhasha India
44,000 1997 44,000 1997

11,500,000 1977



11,500,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bkk Brokskat India Yes 3,000 1981 3,000 1981

3,000 1981



not listed 1978 4,000 1958 2,000 1951
tnr Budik Senegal Yes 3,375 2002 3,000 1998

5,400 1991



1,000 1978 not listed
not listed
buu Budu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 180,000 1991



180,000 1991



83,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bdk Budukh Azerbaijan
1,000 1990 2,000 1977

2,000 1977 2,000 1977

2,000 1977 2,000 1958 not listed
bja Budza Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 226,000 1985 226,000 1985

226,000 1985



200,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bug Bugis Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes





3,500,000 1991



3,200,000 1977 1,500,000 1940 not listed
bgg Bugun India
1,046 1991 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bul Bulgarian Bulgaria
8,954,811 1986 9,000,000 1981

9,000,000 1981 9,000,000 1981

8,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bzq Buli (Indonesia) Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 2,524 2000 2,000 1983

2,000 1983



1,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bjl Bulu (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 906 2000 566 1982

566 1982



200 1978 not listed
not listed
bck Bunaba Australia Yes 100 1990 100 1990

100 1990



60 1971 not listed


bwx Bunu, Bu-Nao China Yes 258,000 1995 258,000 1995

339,000 1982



220,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bqw Buru (Nigeria) Nigeria Yes 1,000 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bds Burunge Tanzania Yes 13,000 2002 31,000 1987

31,000 1987



9,000 1971 not listed
not listed
dox Bussa Ethiopia Yes 6,624 1998 6,624 1998

4,294 1987



22,000 1971 not listed
not listed
bju Busuu Cameroon Yes 8 1986 8 1986

8 1986 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bxt Buxinhua China Yes 200 1994 200 1994

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
byi Buyu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 10,000 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bwl Bwela Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 8,400 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
bwz Bwisi Congo Yes 4,248 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
msq Caac New Caledonia Yes 890 1996 750 1982

750 1982



500 1978 not listed
not listed
cbb Cabiyarí Colombia Yes 50 1976 50 1976

50 1976 50 1976

30 1977 not listed
not listed
ccd Cafundo Creole Brazil Yes 40 1978 40 1978 40 1978 40 1978 40 1978 40 1978 40 1978 not listed
not listed
chl Cahuilla USA Yes 20 1994 35 1990

50 1977 50 1977

50 1977 not listed
not listed
caw Callawalla Bolivia Yes 20 1995 -2 2000

-2 1992 -2 1988

50 1978 500 1958 not listed
rab Camling Nepal Yes 10,000 1995 10,000 1995

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
caz Canichana Bolivia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

25 1958 25 1988

25 1978 25 1958 not listed
cps Capiznon Philippines
638,653 2000 445,716 1975

445,716 1975



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
cfd Cara Nigeria Yes 3,000 1999 3,000 1999

735 1936 (1953)



735 1936 not listed
not listed
crf Caramanta Colombia Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
car Carib Venezuela Yes 10,226 2005 10,000 1991

10,000 1991 15,000 1988

14,575 1978 1,750 1958 not listed
crr Carolina Algonquian USA Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cbr Cashibo-Cacataibo Peru Yes 5,000 1999 2,000 1998

1,500 1981 1,500 1981

1,500 1976 not listed
not listed
cbs Cashinahua Peru Yes 2,000 2005 2,000 2000

2,000 1992 2,000 1988

2,200 1976 500 1958 not listed
ceb Cebuano Philippines


15,000,000 2000







9,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
cet Centúúm Nigeria Yes 200 1992 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cme Cerma Burkina Faso Yes 63,400 2005 63,100 1991

63,100 1991 50,000 1982

25,000 1971 not listed
not listed
cdg Chamari India
5,324 1971 5,324 1971

5,324 1971



5,324 1971 not listed
not listed
cya Chatino, Nopala Mexico Yes 11,000 1990 11,000 1990

10,000 1982 10,000 1982

7,500 1977 not listed
not listed
cbt Chayahuita Peru Yes 11,384 2000 12,000 1998

6,000 1981 6,000 1981

6,000 1976 not listed
not listed
cde Chenchu India Yes 28,754 1981 28,754 1981

17,609 1978



17,609 1978 not listed
not listed
hne Chhattisgarhi India
11,535,000 2005 11,535,000 1997

6,693,445 1971



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cur Chhulung Nepal Yes 1,314 2001 1,000 1991

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
csd Chiangmai Sign Language Thailand
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
chb Chibcha Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
pei Chichimeca-Jonaz Mexico Yes 200 1993 200 1993

1,200 1977 1,200 1977

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
clc Chilcotin Canada
2,000 2000 705 1988

1,200 1982 1,200 1982

1,200 1977 not listed
not listed
clh Chilisso Pakistan
3,000 1992 3,000 1992

3,000 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cmk Chimakum USA Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
csh Chin, Asho Myanmar Yes 11,422 2005



11,422 1992



11,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bgr Chin, Bawm India
13,793 2005 9,000 1990

9,000 1990



7,000 1978 not listed
not listed
dao Chin, Daai Myanmar Yes 30,000 1994 30,000 1994

10,000 1978



10,000 1978 not listed
not listed
cnh Chin, Haka Myanmar Yes 446,264 2005 445,000 2000







85,000 1977 not listed
not listed
pck Chin, Paite India Yes 53,900 2005 53,900 1997

41,000 1990



30,000 1972 not listed
not listed
sez Chin, Senthang Myanmar Yes 18,200 1983 18,200 1983

18,200 1983



10,000 1978 not listed
not listed
csy Chin, Siyin Myanmar Yes 10,000 1991 10,000 1991

10,000 1991



not listed 1978 3,000 1951 not listed
csa Chinantec, Chiltepec Mexico Yes 1,000 1994 1,000 1994

3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 not listed
not listed
cle Chinantec, Lealao Mexico Yes 2,000 1990 2,000 1990

900 1982 900 1982

5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
cpa Chinantec, Palantla Mexico Yes 12,000 1990 12,000 1990

10,600 1982 10,600 1982

10,600 1978 -1 1958 not listed
cpi Chinese Pidgin English Nauru
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
czh Chinese, Huizhou China
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nan Chinese, Min Nan China
46,227,965 2005 45,000,000 2000

49,000,000 1991



15,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
czo Chinese, Min Zhong China
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
chp Chipewyan Canada Yes 4,000 1995 4,000 1995

4,000 1982 4,000 1982

5,000 1977 3,000 1958 not listed
cbe Chipiajes Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
cjk Chokwe Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 1,009,580 2005 1,009,600 2000

1,004,000 1990 1,004,000 1987

600,000 1971 not listed
not listed
cda Choni China Yes 24,000 2002 22,710 1993

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
chd Chontal, Highland Oaxaca Mexico Yes 3,600 1990 3,600 1990

5,000 1982 5,000 1982

5,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
cjr Chorotega Costa Rica Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 0 1958 not listed
crw Chrau Viet Nam Yes 22,567 1999 15,000 1993

15,000 1991



15,000 1973 not listed
not listed
cje Chru Viet Nam Yes





20,000 1973



20,000 1973 not listed
not listed
clw Chulym Russia (Asia) Yes 500 1990 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ncu Chumburung Ghana Yes 69,000 2004 40,000 1992

40,000 1992



10,000 1977 not listed
not listed
cdj Churahi India
110,552 1991 110,552 1991

34,669 1971



34,669 1971 not listed
not listed
cdr Cinda-Regi-Tiyal Nigeria Yes 30,000 1995



not listed 1992



17,800 1952 not listed
not listed
cie Cineni Nigeria Yes 3,000 1998



not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
asg Cishingini Nigeria Yes 100,000 2004 80,000 1996

0 1992



0 1978 not listed
not listed
cod Cocama-Cocamilla Peru Yes 2,050 2005 200 2000







-1 1978 not listed
not listed
coc Cocopa Mexico Yes 350 2005 520 2000

450 1977 450 1977

868 1960 not listed
not listed
con Cofán Ecuador Yes 1,400 2005 1,300 2000

700 1987 700 1987

500 1976 500 1958 not listed
col Columbia-Wenatchi USA Yes 75 1990 75 1990

75 1990 150 1977

150 1977 not listed
not listed
com Comanche USA Yes 200 2000 854 1990

500 1977 500 1977

500 1977 -1 1958 not listed
cfg Como Karim Nigeria Yes 11,386 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
wlc Comorian, Mwali Comoros
27,194 2000 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cnc Côông Viet Nam Yes 2,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
csz Coos USA Yes 2 1962 2 1962

2 1962 2 1962

2 1962 not listed
not listed
crn Cora, El Nayar Mexico Yes

8,000 1993 cluster
cluster
cluster
cluster
cluster
not listed
not listed
kox Coxima Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
hrv Croatian Croatia
6,214,643 2005 4,800,000 1995

cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
cro Crow USA Yes 4,280 1990 4,280 1990

5,500 1987 5,500 1987

4,000 1977 not listed
not listed
cui Cuiba Colombia Yes 2,993 2005 2,650 2000







2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
cum Cumeral Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
cuq Cun China Yes 80,000 1999 70,000 1990

60,000 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dbq Daba Cameroon Yes 18,500 2005 36,700 2000

35,700 1982 35,700 1982

31,000 1971 not listed
not listed
dbd Dadiya Nigeria Yes 30,000 1998 30,000 1998

2,300 1973



2,300 1973 not listed
not listed
dgn Dagoman Australia Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dal Dahalo Kenya Yes 400 1992 3,000 1987

3,000 1987



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
dka Dakpakha Bhutan Yes 1,000 1993 1,000 1993

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dmr Damar, East Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 2,800 1990 2,800 1990

2,800 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
daa Dangaléat Chad Yes 45,000 1999 45,000 1999

17,000 1977



20,000 1967 not listed
not listed
drl Darling Australia Yes 5 2005











not listed
not listed
tcc Datooga Tanzania Yes 87,798 2000 200,000 1993

400,000 1991



22,000 1972 not listed
not listed
dta Daur China Yes

84,950 1990

84,950 1990



22,600 1970 not listed
not listed
dyk Dayak, Land Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 57,619 1981 57,619 1981







57,619 1978 not listed
not listed
mzw Deg Ghana Yes 27,500 2005 21,000 1993

18,300 1991



14,400 1978 not listed
not listed
dek Dek Cameroon Yes 2,975 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ntr Delo Ghana Yes 16,300 2005 11,400 2000

10,100 1991





not listed
not listed
dmy Demta Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,300 2000 836 1975

836 1975



836 1975 not listed
not listed
dny Dení Brazil Yes 750 2002 600 1986

600 1986 600 1986

300 1978 not listed
not listed
def Dezfuli Iran
-1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mki Dhatki Pakistan
148,263 2005 200,000 1919

200,000 1919



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dia Dia Papua New Guinea Yes 1,835 2003 1,800 1973

1,800 1973



1,850 1968 not listed
not listed
bvx Dibole Congo Yes 4,000 1989 4,000 1989

4,000 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gud Dida, Yocoboué Côte d Ivoire Yes 101,600 1993 101,600 1993

92,100 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
dig Digo Kenya Yes 305,000 2005 217,000 1994

264,000 1992



146,000 1977 not listed
not listed
dik Dinka, Southwestern Sudan Yes 450,000 1982 450,000 1982

450,000 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
diu Diriku Namibia Yes 31,400 2005



20,000 1989 20,000 1987

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dir Dirim Nigeria Yes 9,000 1992 9,000 1992

11,000 1973



7,900 1952 not listed
not listed
djj Djeebbana Australia Yes 100 2005 100 1991

100 1991 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dgx Doghoro Papua New Guinea Yes 267 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dbu Dogon, Bondum Dom Mali Yes 24,700 1998 not listed 2000

cluster
cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
dds Dogon, Donno So Mali Yes 45,300 1998 not listed 2000

cluster
cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
djm Dogon, Jamsay Mali Yes

600,000 1995

cluster
cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
dgs Dogoso Burkina Faso Yes

9,000 1999

4,000 1983 4,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dgo Dogri India Yes 2,105,000 1997 2,200,000 1997

1,298,855 1971



1,298,855 1971 not listed
not listed
dbi Doka Nigeria Yes 11,386 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
doq Dominican Sign Language Dominican Republic
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed




not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sce Dongxiang China Yes 250,000 1999 373,872 1990

373,872 1990



155,500 1970 not listed
not listed
dor Dori o Solomon Islands Yes 2,406 1999 1,485 1998

900 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
drt Drents Netherlands
-1 2005 -1 2000

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
dua Duala Cameroon Yes 87,700 1982 87,700 1982

87,700 1982 87,700 1982

23,000 1971 not listed
not listed
dva Duau Papua New Guinea Yes 3,550 1991 3,550 1991

6,050 1981



7,100 1972 not listed
not listed
kbz Duhwa Nigeria Yes 800 1973 800 1973

800 1973



800 1973 not listed
not listed
duz Duli Cameroon Yes 0 2005 0 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dmv Dumpas Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 1,078 2000 1,000 1985

1,000 1985



500 1977 not listed
not listed
dui Dumun Papua New Guinea Yes 35 2000 42 1981

42 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dng Dungan Kyrgyzstan
41,400 2005 49,400 2000

49,400 1979





not listed
not listed
raa Dungmali Nepal Yes 4,609 2000 5,000 1991

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dbv Dungu Nigeria Yes 1,104 2000 310 1949

310 1949



310 1949 not listed
not listed
dsn Dusner Indonesia (Papua) Yes 20 2000 6 1978

6 1978



6 1978 not listed
not listed
kzt Dusun, Tambunan Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 15,553 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nld Dutch Netherlands
17,370,777 2005



21,000,000 1991



20,000,000 1976 not listed
not listed
dse Dutch Sign Language Netherlands
20,000 1986 20,000 1986

20,000 1986 20,000 1986

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dux Duungooma Mali Yes 70,000 1991 70,000 1991

70,000 1991



10,000 1971 25,000 1958 not listed
dzn Dzando Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 6,000 1983 6,000 1983

6,000 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
eee E China Yes 30,000 1992 30,000 1992

10,000 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ijj Ede Ije Benin Yes 50,000 2000 20,000 1991

20,000 1991 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nqg Ede Nago Benin Yes 200,000 2002 175,000 1991

175,000 1991 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
idd Ede-Idaca Benin Yes 100,000 2002 30,000 1991

30,000 1991 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bin Edo Nigeria Yes 1,000,000 1999 1,000,000 1987

1,000,000 1991



430,000 1973 not listed
not listed
etr Edolo Papua New Guinea Yes 1,668 2000 1,300 1995

1,000 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
efe Efe Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 20,000 1991 20,000 1991

20,000 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
eit Eitiep Papua New Guinea Yes 501 2003 394 1981

394 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
elo El Molo Kenya Yes 8 1994 8 1994

8 1976



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
elp Elpaputih Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 424 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
emn Eman Cameroon Yes 800 1990 800 1990

800 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
emp Emberá, Northern Panama Yes 23,480 2005 23,000 2000

10,000 1992 10,000 1988

6,000 1977 not listed
not listed
enr Emumu Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,100 1987 1,100 1987

1,100 1987



1,100 1978 not listed
not listed
pbh Eñepa Venezuela Yes 1,200 2005 1,200 2000

1,200 1992 1,200 1988

1,200 1978 1,000 1958 not listed
enh Enets, Tundra Russia (Asia) Yes 30 1995 30 1995

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
eng English United Kingdom
309,352,280 2005 341,000,000 1998

450,000,000 1991 403,000,000 1987

250,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
eni Enim Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 70,000 1989 70,000 1989

70,000 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ptt Enrekang Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 50,000 1991 50,000 1991

50,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ert Eritai Indonesia (Papua) Yes 530 2000 450 1987

450 1987



160 1978 not listed
not listed
ese Ese Ejja Bolivia Yes 1,772 2005 1,050 1977

1,050 1977 1,050 1977

850 1976 400 1958 not listed
eth Ethiopian Sign Language Ethiopia
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
eur Europanto Belgium
-2 2005 -2 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1992 not listed
not listed
bzz Evant Nigeria Yes 11,000 2005 11,000 2000









not listed
not listed
evn Evenki China Yes 29,000 2005 30,000 2000

24,000 1992 49,343 1988

33,200 1978 40,000 1958 not listed
eya Eyak USA Yes 1 1996 1 1996

2 1992 3 1977

3 1977 not listed
not listed
faf Fagani Solomon Islands Yes 902 1999 500 1998

300 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
prs Farsi, Eastern Afghanistan
7,600,000 2005 7,000,000 2000

7,000,000 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
far Fataleka Solomon Islands Yes 6,703 1999 5,700 1998

4,500 1990



2,487 1976 not listed
not listed
fip Fipa Tanzania Yes





100,000 1990



78,000 1971 not listed
not listed
fgr Fongoro Chad Yes 1,000 1983 1,000 1983

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
frs Frisian, Eastern Germany
11,000 2005 11,000 1976

11,000 1976 11,000 1976

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
fri Frisian, Western Netherlands
700,000 1976 730,000 2000

730,000 1992 730,000 1988

380,000 1978 not listed
not listed
fub Fulfulde, Adamawa Cameroon Yes 886,700 2005



758,700 1986 758,700 1986

457,100 1976 not listed
not listed
flr Fuliiru Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 300,000 1999 300,000 1999

275,000 1991



56,000 1971 not listed
not listed
fvr Fur Sudan Yes 501,800 2005 502,000 2000

501,806 1992



170,000 1971 not listed
not listed
fuu Furu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 16,000 2005 12,000 1984

12,000 1984



5,000 1971 not listed
not listed
gdb Gadaba, Pottangi Ollar India Yes 15,000 2000 15,000 1997

8,800 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
gdk Gadang Chad Yes 2,500 1997 2,500 1997

2,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gad Gaddang Philippines Yes 30,000 1984 30,000 1984

30,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gdh Gadjerawang Australia Yes 3 1981 3 1981

3 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
glg Galician Spain
3,188,400 2005



-1 1992 -1 1988

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
kld Gamilaraay Australia Yes 3 1997



0 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gbl Gamit India Yes 400,000 2000 233,000 1997

136,209 1971



136,209 1971 not listed
not listed
gnz Ganzi Central African Republic Yes 1,400 1996 1,400 1996

962 1988



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gbc Garawa Australia Yes 200 1990 200 1990

200 1990 350 1980 300 1971 300 1971 not listed
not listed
ilg Garig-Ilgar Australia Yes 4 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gaq Gata India Yes 3,055 1991 3,055 1991

2,000 1966



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gby Gbari Nigeria Yes 350,000 2002 300,000 1991

300,000 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gbp Gbaya-Bossangoa Central African Republic Yes 176,000 1996 176,000 1996

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
sxw Gbe, Saxwe Benin Yes 6,272 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xwe Gbe, Xwela Benin Yes 65,000 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gei Gebe Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 2,651 2000 3,000 1983

3,000 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gji Geji Nigeria Yes 6,000 1995 6,000 1995

2,650 1971



2,650 1971 not listed
not listed
geq Geme Central African Republic Yes 550 1996 550 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gsg German Sign Language Germany
50,000 1986 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pdc German, Pennsylvania USA
100,000 2005 100,000 1978

70,000 1978 70,000 1978

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gea Geruma Nigeria Yes 9,029 2000 4,700 1971

4,700 1971



4,700 1971 not listed
not listed
gri Ghari Solomon Islands Yes 12,119 1999 10,045 1998

5,268 1992



2,714 1976 not listed
not listed
gho Ghomara Morocco
0 2005 0 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
aaa Ghotuo Nigeria Yes 9,000 1994 9,000 1952

9,000 1952



9,000 1952 not listed
not listed
gid Gidar Cameroon Yes 65,687 2005 65,600 1982

65,600 1982 65,600 1982

50,000 1967 not listed
not listed
acd Gikyode Ghana Yes 10,400 2003 8,000 1998

10,000 1991



4,890 1978 not listed
not listed
glk Gilaki Iran
3,265,000 1993 3,265,000 1993

2,000,000 1991



1,950,000 1978 not listed
not listed
gix Gilima Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 12,000 1984 12,000 1984

12,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
niv Gilyak Russia (Asia) Yes 1,089 1989





1,364 1970

1,364 1970 4,000 1958 not listed
tof Gizrra Papua New Guinea Yes 1,050 2002 1,100 1998

700 1976



600 1975 not listed
not listed
glr Glaro-Twabo Liberia Yes

3,900 1991

3,900 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gnu Gnau Papua New Guinea Yes 1,325 2000 980 1981

980 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gig Goaria Pakistan
25,426 2000 25,000 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gox Gobu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes











not listed 1978 15,000 1958 not listed
gvf Golin Papua New Guinea Yes 51,105 1981 51,105 1981

51,105 1981



24,713 1978 not listed
not listed
goo Gone Dau Fiji Yes 686 2000 500 1977

500 1977



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
goc Gorakor Papua New Guinea Yes 2,741 1979 2,741 1979

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
goq Gorap Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 1,000 1992 1,000 1992

1,000 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gok Gowli India
35,000 1997 35,000 1997

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gwf Gowro Pakistan
200 1990 200 1990

200 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
grv Grebo, Central Liberia Yes 29,131 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
grj Grebo, Southern Liberia Yes





-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453) Greece
0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gro Groma China Yes





-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
gcf Guadeloupean Creole French Guadeloupe
848,454 2005 660,000 1975

1,014,780 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
guh Guahibo Colombia Yes 23,772 2005 20,000 1982

20,000 1982 20,000 1982

15,000 1976 40,000 1958 not listed
gum Guambiano Colombia Yes 15,596 2000 9,000 1977

9,000 1977 9,000 1977

9,000 1977 not listed
not listed
gnc Guanche Spain
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gui Guaraní, Eastern Bolivian Bolivia Yes 48,974 2005 32,000 1991

32,000 1991 35,000 1988

30,000 1976 not listed
not listed
gnw Guaraní, Western Bolivian Bolivia Yes 7,000 2002



3,000 1976 3,000 1976

3,000 1976 not listed
not listed
gyr Guarayu Bolivia Yes 5,933 2000 8,000 1995

5,000 1987 5,000 1987 5,000 1984 5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
gsm Guatemalan Sign Language Guatemala Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ghs Guhu-Samane Papua New Guinea Yes 12,761 2000 6,289 1978

6,289 1978



4,000 1975 not listed
not listed
gcr Guianese Creole French French Guiana
50,000 1977 50,000 1977

50,000 1977 50,000 1977

50,000 1977 not listed
not listed
gqi Guiqiong China Yes 6,000 2000 7,000 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kcm Gula (Central African Republic) Central African Republic Yes 13,200 2005 15,000 1996

14,860 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gvl Gulay Chad Yes 163,271 1993 163,271 1993

80,000 1990



30,000 1967 not listed
not listed
gyf Gungabula Australia Yes 2 1981 2 1981

2 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gge Guragone Australia Yes 20 1990 20 1990

20 1990 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
goa Guro Côte d Ivoire Yes 332,100 1993 332,100 1993

303,400 1991



85,000 1965 not listed
not listed
gwu Guwamu Australia Yes 1 1981 1 1981

1 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ngs Gvoko Nigeria Yes 21,000 2005









4,300 1973 not listed
not listed
bga Gwamhi-Wuri Nigeria Yes 16,000 2000 8,000 1973

8,000 1973



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gyi Gyele Cameroon Yes 4,279 2005



not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
haq Ha Tanzania Yes 990,000 2001 800,000 1993

725,000 1987



286,000 1971 not listed
not listed
hba Hamba Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 13,000 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
lml Hano Vanuatu Yes 7,000 1991 7,000 1991

7,000 1991



2,300 1971 not listed
not listed
hrz Harzani Iran
28,132 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ybj Hasha Nigeria Yes 3,000 1999 3,000 1999

400 1973



400 1973 not listed
not listed
had Hatam (now includes Borai MFX) Indonesia (Papua) Yes 16,000 1993 16,000 1993

12,000 1987



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yuf Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai USA Yes 2,693 2000 1,007 1990

1,200 1977 1,200 1977

1,200 1977 not listed
not listed
heh Hehe Tanzania Yes 750,000 1994 750,000 1994

630,000 1987



192,000 1971 not listed
not listed
hbn Heiban Sudan Yes 4,412 1984 4,412 1984

4,412 1984



25,000 1972 not listed
not listed
htu Hitu Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 15,965 1987 15,965 1987

15,965 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mww Hmong Daw China Yes 514,895 2005



100,000 1992



-1 1978

not listed
hmd Hmong, Northeastern Dian China Yes 200,000 1987 1,000,000 1982

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 50,000 1958 not listed
hos Ho Chi Minh City Sign Language Viet Nam
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
hds Honduras Sign Language Honduras
-1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
hop Hopi USA Yes 5,264 1990 5,264 1990

5,000 1977 5,000 1977

5,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
hru Hruso India
4,000 1997 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
huc |Hua Botswana Yes 200 2004 1,500 2000

1,500 1978 1,500 1978

1,500 1978 not listed
not listed
huh Huilliche Chile Yes 2,000 1982 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
huu Huitoto, Murui Peru Yes 2,900 1995 2,900 1995

2,800 1982 2,800 1982

1,300 1976

not listed
hux Huitoto, Nüpode Peru Yes 100 1991 100 1991

100 1991 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
huw Hukumina Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 1 1989 1 1989

1 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
hui Huli Papua New Guinea Yes 70,000 1991 70,000 1991

70,000 1991



54,000 1978 not listed
not listed
hwo Hwana Nigeria Yes 32,000 1992 32,000 1992

20,000 1973



20,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ibl Ibaloi Philippines Yes 111,449 1990 111,449 1990

87,750 1975



100,000 1978 not listed
not listed
ibg Ibanag Philippines Yes 500,000 1990 500,000 1990

500,000 1990



200,000 1977 not listed
not listed
ibu Ibu Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 35 1987 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ibr Ibuoro Nigeria Yes 5,000 1988 5,000 1988

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
idi Idi Papua New Guinea Yes 1,608 2000 2,000 1990

900 1975



900 1975 not listed
not listed
ldb Idun Nigeria Yes 10,000 1972 10,000 1972

10,000 1972



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ifa Ifugao, Amganad Philippines Yes 27,100 2000 27,000 1981

27,000 1981



15,000 1978 not listed
not listed
igl Igala Nigeria Yes 800,000 1989 800,000 1989

800,000 1989



350,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ign Ignaciano Bolivia Yes 4,500 2000 4,000 1982

4,000 1982 4,000 1982

5,000 1976 1,500 1958 not listed
ihp Iha Indonesia (Papua) Yes 5,500 1987 5,500 1987

5,500 1987 5,500 1987 5,500 1978 5,500 1978 not listed
not listed
ikp Ikpeshi Nigeria Yes 5,317 2000 1,826 1957

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ilb Ila Zambia Yes 61,200 1986 61,200 1986

61,200 1986



39,000 1973 not listed
not listed
abx Inabaknon Philippines Yes 21,400 2000 30,000 1997

16,000 1987



10,000 1977 not listed
not listed
inp Iñapari Peru Yes 4 1999 4 1999

not listed 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
smn Inari Sami Finland Yes 250 1995 250 1995

400 1983 400 1983

2,240 1978 not listed
not listed
ins Indian Sign Language India












not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
inl Indonesian Sign Language Indonesia (Java and Bali)
-1 2005



-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
idr Indri Sudan Yes 700 2005 700 2000

700 1992



700 1978 not listed
not listed
inb Inga Colombia Yes 16,000 2005 10,000 1995

8,000 1987 8,000 1987



not listed
not listed
ipi Ipili Papua New Guinea Yes 26,000 2002 7,764 1981

7,764 1981





not listed
not listed
irh Irarutu Indonesia (Papua) Yes 4,000 1987 4,000 1987

4,000 1987 4,000 1987 4,000 1978 4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
iry Iraya Philippines Yes 10,000 1991 10,000 1991

10,000 1991



6,000 1976 not listed
not listed
iru Irula India Yes 200,000 2003 75,000 2000

48,000 1985



5,300 1971 not listed
not listed
isa Isabi Papua New Guinea Yes 280 1981 280 1981

280 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
isc Isconahua Peru Yes 82 2000 50 1976

50 1976 50 1976

50 1976 not listed
not listed
its Isekiri Nigeria Yes 510,000 1991 510,000 1991

510,000 1991



33,000 1973 not listed
not listed
srl Isirawa Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,800 2000 2,000 1993

2,000 1987



1,500 1978 not listed
not listed
isr Israeli Sign Language Israel
5,000 1986 5,000 1986

5,000 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
itv Itawit Philippines Yes 134,126 1990 134,126 1990

105,556 1975



15,000 1978 not listed
not listed
itb Itneg, Binongan Philippines Yes 7,500 2003 7,000 1982

7,000 1982





not listed
not listed
tis Itneg, Masadiit Philippines Yes 7,500 2005 7,500 2000

7,500 1992



7,500 1978 not listed
not listed
atg Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe Nigeria Yes 20,000 1973 20,000 1973

20,000 1973



20,000 1973 not listed
not listed
iws Iwam, Sepik Papua New Guinea Yes 2,500 1987 2,500 1987

2,500 1987



3,500 1973 not listed
not listed
izi Izi-Ezaa-Ikwo-Mgbo Nigeria Yes 593,000 1973 593,000 1973

593,000 1973



593,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ijc Izon Nigeria Yes 1,000,000 1989 1,000,000 1989

338,700 1977



338,700 1977 not listed
not listed
sne Jagoi Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 19,000 1981 19,000 1981

19,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
jah Jah Hut Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 2,442 2000 2,442 1981

2,442 1981



2,000 1975 not listed
not listed
jai Jakalteco, Western Guatemala Yes 88,000 2005 88,000 2000

28,062 1992 10,000 1988

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
jam Jamaican Creole English Jamaica
3,181,171 2005 2,699,000 2000 3,054,000 1996 2,756,000 1992 2,221,760 1988 1,934,200 1984 1,500,000 1977 not listed
not listed
jna Jangshung India
1,990 1998 1,990 1998

2,400 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jqr Jaqaru Peru Yes 736 2000 2,000 1987

2,000 1987 2,000 1987

2,000 1976 not listed
not listed
ddj Jaru Australia Yes 250 1981 250 1981

250 1981 250 1981 200 1984 200 1978 not listed


jvn Javanese, Caribbean Suriname














not listed
not listed
jas Javanese, New Caledonian New Caledonia
6,750 1987 6,750 1987

6,750 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jhi Jehai Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 1,250 1981 1,250 1981

1,250 1981



700 1975 not listed
not listed
tow Jemez USA Yes 1,301 1990 1,301 1990

1,263 1980 1,800 1977

1,800 1977 not listed
not listed
jeg Jeng Laos Yes 7,320 2000 5,400 1981

5,400 1981



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
jee Jerung Nepal Yes 1,914 2000 2,000 1991

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jio Jiamào China Yes 52,300 1987 52,300 1987

52,300 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jya Jiarong China Yes 83,000 1999 151,200 1993

100,000 1990



70,000 1957 not listed
not listed
jie Jilbe Nigeria Yes 100 1999 100 1999

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jiy Jinuo, Buyuan China Yes 1,000 1994 1,000 1994

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jul Jirel Nepal Yes 4,919 2001 10,000 1998

5,000 1985



3,000 1973 not listed
not listed
kaj Jju Nigeria Yes 300,000 1988 300,000 1988

300,000 1988



35,000 1973 not listed
not listed
jun Juang India Yes 50,000 2000 40,000 1996

16,000 1977



12,172 1971 not listed
not listed
jml Jumli Nepal Yes 800,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cun K iché, Cunén Guatemala Yes 9,000 2000 6,500 1992

6,500 1992 300 1982

300 1978 not listed
not listed
quu K iché, Eastern Guatemala Yes 100,000 1991 100,000 1991

100,000 1991 152,000 1982

40,000 1978 not listed
not listed
kwg Kaba Deme Chad Yes 40,000 1993 40,000 1993

16,625 1969



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
klz Kabola Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 3,900 1995 3,900 1995

10,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kcx Kachama-Ganjule Ethiopia Yes 4,072 1998 4,072 1998

cluster






not listed
not listed
xac Kachari India Yes 59,000 1997 56,413 1994

45,000 1990



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
kfr Kachchi India
866,000 2005









470,991 1971 not listed
not listed
xkk Kaco Cambodia Yes 2,000 1992 2,000 1992

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kqt Kadazan, Klias River Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 1,000 1984 1,000 1984

1,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
syw Kagate Nepal Yes 1,273 2000 1,000 1998

1,000 1985



4,000 1973 not listed
not listed
kct Kaian Papua New Guinea Yes 322 1981 322 1981

322 1981



230 1971 not listed
not listed
kzp Kaidipang Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 22,000 1981 22,000 1981

22,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
lew Kaili, Ledo Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 233,500 1979 233,500 1979

233,500 1979



300,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zkp Kaingáng, São Paulo Brazil Yes 0 2005 80 1989

80 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
krd Kairui-Midiki East Timor Yes 2,000 2001 -1 2000

2,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kzm Kais Indonesia (Papua) Yes 700 1993 700 1993

400 1978



400 1978 not listed
not listed
xkj Kajali Iran
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kag Kajaman Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 500 1981 500 1981

500 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kxe Kakihum Nigeria Yes 15,000 1996 15,000 1996

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
mwp Kala Lagaw Ya Australia Yes 4,000 1990 4,000 1990

4,000 1990



2,500 1970 not listed
not listed
kve Kalabakan Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 2,229 2000 2,000 1989

2,000 1989



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kll Kalagan, Kagan Philippines Yes 6,000 1981 6,000 1981

6,000 1981



20,000 1977 not listed
not listed
kln Kalenjin Kenya Yes 2,458,123 1989 2,458,123 1989

1,400,000 1980



870,000 1978 not listed
not listed
kmk Kalinga, Limos Philippines Yes 20,000 1977 20,000 1977

20,000 1977



20,000 1977 not listed
not listed
knb Kalinga, Lubuagan Philippines Yes 14,003 2000 15,000 1998

40,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kmd Kalinga, Madukayang Philippines Yes 1,500 1990 1,500 1990

1,500 1990



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ify Kallahan, Keley-i Philippines Yes 8,000 2000 not listed 2000

5,000 1980



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bco Kaluli Papua New Guinea Yes 2,500 1994 2,500 1994

2,000 1990



350 1978 not listed
not listed
kdx Kam Nigeria Yes 5,000 1993 5,000 1993

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
vkm Kamakan Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
woi Kamang Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 16,522 2000 -1 2000

12,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kgx Kamaru Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 2,000 1979 2,000 1979

2,000 1979



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
klp Kamasa Papua New Guinea Yes 7 2003 20 1978

20 1978



50 1971 not listed
not listed
kyk Kamayo Philippines Yes 7,565 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kay Kamayurá Brazil Yes 279 1995 279 1995

207 1986 207 1986

110 1978 250 1958 not listed
kmi Kami (Nigeria) Nigeria Yes 5,000 1992



not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kgq Kamoro Indonesia (Papua) Yes 8,000 1987 8,000 1987

8,000 1987



8,000 1978 not listed
not listed
xmu Kamu Australia Yes 2 1967 2 1967

2 1967



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gam Kandawo Papua New Guinea Yes 4,000 2003 5,000 1994

4,000 1987



4,000 1975 not listed
not listed
igm Kanggape Papua New Guinea Yes 1,082 1981 1,082 1981

1,082 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xnr Kangri India
1,700,000 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kft Kanjari India Yes 55,386 1971 55,386 1971

55,386 1971



55,386 1971 not listed
not listed
khx Kanu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 3,500 1971 3,500 1971

3,500 1971



3,500 1971 not listed
not listed
kxq Kanum, Smärky Indonesia (Papua) Yes 80 1996



cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
kax Kao Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 403 2000 400 1983

400 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
tbx Kapin Papua New Guinea Yes 2,351 1979 2,351 1979

1,223 1980



1,700 1970 not listed
not listed
dju Kapriman Papua New Guinea Yes 1,638 2003 1,450 1986

1,450 1992



1,164 1971 not listed
not listed
cak Kaqkchikel, Central Guatemala Yes 132,200 1990 132,200 1990

132,200 1990 126,000 1982

cluster
not listed
not listed
ckc Kaqkchikel, Northern Guatemala Yes 24,000 2000 16,000 1982

16,000 1982 16,000 1982

not listed / cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ckf Kaqkchikel, Southern Guatemala Yes 43,000 1993 43,000 1993

32,000 1991 42,000 1982

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ckw Kaqkchikel, Western Guatemala Yes 77,000 1998 77,000 1998

69,000 1991 69,200 1982

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
cbm Kaqkchikel, Yepocapa Southwestern Guatemala Yes 8,000 1991 8,000 1991

8,000 1991 15,000 1982

cluster
not listed
not listed
kah Kara (Central African Republic) Central African Republic Yes 4,800 1996 4,800 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
reg Kara (Tanzania) Tanzania Yes 86,000 1987 86,000 1987

86,000 1987



32,000 1978 not listed
not listed
krc Karachay-Balkar Russia (Europe)
241,038 2005 241,000 1993

191,000 1979 191,000 1979

173,000 1970 33,000 1958 not listed
kdr Karaim Lithuania
3 2000 535 1979

535 1979 535 1979

1,000 1977 not listed
not listed
kth Karanga Chad Yes 10,000 1999 10,000 1999

57,000 1971



57,000 1971 not listed
not listed
xrw Karawa Papua New Guinea Yes 63 2003 463 1991

44 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kmf Kare (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 384 1981 384 1981

384 1981



340 1969 not listed
not listed
kvt Karen, Lahta Myanmar Yes 9,550 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kpp Karen, Paku Myanmar Yes 5,300 1983 5,300 1983

5,300 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ksw Karen, S gaw Myanmar Yes 1,584,700 2005 2,000,000 1990

2,000,000 1990







not listed
kgn Karingani Iran
17,583 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kmv Karipúna Creole French Brazil Yes 672 1995 672 1995

1,026 1986 1,026 1986

500 1978 not listed
not listed
kzw Karirí-Xocó Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 250 1958 not listed
kil Kariya Nigeria Yes 2,000 1995 2,000 1995

2,200 1971



2,200 1971 not listed
not listed
krb Karkin USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kyn Karolanos Philippines Yes 15,131 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kgw Karon Dori Indonesia (Papua) Yes 5,000 1987 5,000 1987

5,000 1987



5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
ksn Kasiguranin Philippines Yes 10,000 1975 10,000 1975

10,000 1975



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
khs Kasua Papua New Guinea Yes 600 1990 600 1990

1,200 1971



1,200 1971 not listed
not listed
ktq Katabaga Philippines Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kfu Katkari India Yes 4,951 1961 4,951 1961

4,951 1961



4,951 1961 not listed
not listed
kcr Katla Sudan Yes 14,208 1984 14,208 1984

14,208 1984



8,700 1977 not listed
not listed
kav Katukína Brazil Yes 1 1976 1 1976

1 1976 1 1988

1 1976 not listed
not listed
bpp Kaure Indonesia (Papua) Yes 450 1995 450 1995

4,000 1991



800 1978 not listed
not listed
kyz Kayabí Brazil Yes 800 1994 800 1994

500 1988 620 1986

300 1976 500 1958 not listed
gyd Kayardild Australia Yes 6 2000 50 1981

50 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kzk Kazukuru Solomon Islands Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



0 1978 not listed
not listed
kei Kei Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 85,000 2000 86,000 1990

86,000 1990



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
khy Kele (Democratic Repulic of Congo) Democratic Repubic of Congo Yes 160,000 1980 160,000 1980

160,000 1980



26,000 1971 not listed
not listed
kyo Kelon Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 6,000 1997 6,000 1997

10,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
xem Kembayan Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 45,000 1981 45,000 1981

45,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bzp Kemberano Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,500 1987 1,500 1987

1,500 1987



150 1978 not listed
not listed
kzh Kenuzi-Dongola Sudan Yes 280,000 2005 280,000 2000

1,000,000 1991



1,000,000 1971 not listed
not listed
xky Kenyah, Western Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 1,250 1981 1,250 1981

1,250 1981



cluster
not listed
not listed
krk Kerek Russia (Asia) Yes 2 1997 2 1997

3 1991 400 1975

400 1975 not listed
not listed
kae Ketangalan Taiwan Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kjs Kewa, East Papua New Guinea Yes 45,000 2000 35,000 1997

25,000 1982



20,000 1975 not listed
not listed
ogo Khana Nigeria Yes 200,000 1989 200,000 1989

not listed 1992



90,000 1973 not listed
not listed
kca Khanty Russia (Asia) Yes 12,000 1994 12,000 1994

13,500 1989 14,280 1970

14,280 1970 not listed
not listed
khr Kharia India Yes 293,575 2005



160,000 1977



88,389 1971 not listed
not listed
kha Khasi India Yes

950,000 2000

535,000 1990



388,906 1971 not listed
not listed
tlx Khehek Papua New Guinea Yes 1,600 1991 1,600 1991

1,600 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xhe Khetrani Pakistan
4,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kwx Khirwar India
34,251 2005 34,251 2000

34,251 1992



34,251 1978 not listed
not listed
kqm Khisa Côte d Ivoire Yes 8,000 2005 5,000 1991

8,000 1991 2,500 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
llo Khlor Laos Yes 6,000 1981 6,000 1981

6,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
khm Khmer Cambodia
13,276,639 2005 7,039,200 1999

7,063,200 1992



7,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
xkc Kho ini Iran
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
khw Khowar Pakistan
242,000 2005 222,800 1992

250,000 1992



130,000 1978 not listed
not listed
khf Khuen Laos Yes 9,000 2005 9,000 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kkh Khün Myanmar Yes 120,855 2005 100,000 1990

100,000 1990



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kic Kickapoo USA Yes 839 2005 850 2000

1,200 1977 1,200 1977

1,200 1977 not listed
not listed
kia Kim Chad Yes 15,354 1993 15,354 1993

5,000 1991



5,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mji Kim Mun China Yes 374,500 2005 280,000 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
knq Kintaq Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes

100 1975

100 1975



100 1975 not listed
not listed
kkr Kir-Balar Nigeria Yes 3,050 1993 3,050 1993

360 1973



360 1973 not listed
not listed
kiy Kirikiri Indonesia (Papua) Yes 250 1982 250 1982

250 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kiu Kirmanjki Turkey (Asia)








-1


cluster
not listed
not listed
kis Kis Papua New Guinea Yes 220 2000 216 1977

216 1977



216 1977 not listed
not listed
klu Klao Liberia Yes 192,000 2005 184,000 1991

192,000 1990





not listed
not listed
cku Koasati USA Yes 200 2000 600 1996

270 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vko Kodeoha Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 1,500 1991 1,500 1991

1,500 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kod Kodi Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 40,000 1987 40,000 1987

40,000 1987



25,000 1978 25,000 1958 not listed
kcs Koenoem Nigeria Yes 3,000 1973 3,000 1973

3,000 1973



3,000 1973 not listed
not listed
mvy Kohistani, Indus Pakistan
220,000 1993 220,000 1993

200,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bcs Kohumono Nigeria Yes 30,000 1989 30,000 1989

30,000 1989



11,870 1952 not listed
not listed
kbk Koiari, Grass Papua New Guinea Yes 1,700 2000 1,800 1973

1,800 1973



1,800 1973 not listed
not listed
nkd Koireng India Yes 3,000 2002 2,000 1991

2,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kou Koke Chad Yes 600 1993 600 1993

1,000 1989



1,000 1971 not listed
not listed
biw Kol (Cameroon) Cameroon Yes 12,000 1988 12,000 1988

12,000 1988 10,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
klc Kolbila Cameroon Yes 2,500 1997 2,500 1997

3,000 1991 2,500 1985

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kvx Koli, Parkari Pakistan


250,000 1995

150,000 1980



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
kxp Koli, Wadiyara India
578,375 2005 360,000 1998

75,000 1980



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ksh Kölsch Germany
250,000 1997 250,000 1997

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
klx Koluwawa Papua New Guinea Yes 900 1998 900 1998

722 1972



722 1972 not listed
not listed
kpf Komba Papua New Guinea Yes 15,000 2000 12,235 1978

12,235 1978



10,500 1975 not listed
not listed
kge Komering Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 700,000 1989 700,000 1989

700,000 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kxw Konai Papua New Guinea Yes 600 1991 600 1991

400 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kng Koongo Democratic Republic of Congo Yes

3,217,000 1991

3,217,000 1991 3,217,000 1987

3,075,600 1976 not listed
not listed
ozm Koonzime Cameroon Yes 30,000 2000



not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xop Kopar Papua New Guinea Yes 229 1981 229 1981

229 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kpr Korafe Papua New Guinea Yes 3,625 2003 3,000 1997

4,200 1973



4,200 1973 not listed
not listed
kcy Korandje Algeria
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
krp Korop Nigeria Yes 17,686 2005 12,500 1982

12,500 1982 12,500 1982

10,000 1971 not listed
not listed
xor Korubo Brazil Yes 500 1995 500 1995

500 1986 500 1986

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kpq Korupun-Sela Indonesia (Papua) Yes 8,000 1996 8,000 1996

4,000 1990



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
kyf Kouya Côte d Ivoire Yes 10,117 1993 10,117 1993

10,800 1991



5,690 1967 not listed
not listed
kff Koya India Yes 330,000 1997 330,000 1997







211,877 1971 not listed
not listed
kga Koyaga Côte d Ivoire Yes 60,000 1999 60,000 1999

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
koh Koyo Congo Yes 1,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
koy Koyukon USA Yes 300 1995 300 1995

700 1977 700 1977

700 1977 -1 1958 not listed
kef Kpessi Togo Yes 4,000 2002 3,100 1991

3,100 1991



3,000 1973 not listed
not listed
xre Kreye Brazil Yes 30 1995 30 1995

30 1986 30 1986

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
rop Kriol Australia Yes 10,000 1991



10,000 1991 2,000 1983 10,000 1983

not listed
not listed
ksi Krisa Papua New Guinea Yes 421 2003 400 1993

347 1981



486 1971 not listed
not listed
uan Kuan Laos Yes 2,500 1995 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kvb Kubu Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 10,000 1989 10,000 1989

10,000 1989



3,000 1978 not listed
not listed
xmq Kuku-Mangk Australia Yes 1 1981 1 1981

1 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kzc Kulango, Bondoukou Côte d Ivoire Yes 104,000 2005 87,000 2000

91,600 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
nku Kulango, Bouna Côte d Ivoire Yes 157,500 2005 157,500 2000

170,500 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
kxj Kulfa Chad Yes 2,200 2004 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
vkl Kulisusu Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 22,000 1995 22,000 1995

21,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nee Kumak New Caledonia Yes 947 1996 900 1982

900 1982



1,100 1977 not listed
not listed
ksl Kumalu Papua New Guinea Yes 2,583 1979 2,583 1979

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kue Kuman Papua New Guinea Yes 80,000 1994 80,000 1994

71,731 1981



66,000 1975 not listed
not listed
kum Kumyk Russia (Europe) Yes 282,554 2005 282,500 1993









not listed
not listed
kvn Kuna, Border Colombia Yes 1,576 2005 1,500 1991

1,500 1991 850 1977

850 1977 not listed
not listed
wlg Kunbarlang Australia Yes 100 1983 100 1983

100 1983 100 1983 125 1969 125 1969 not listed
not listed
xuf Kunfal Ethiopia Yes 2,000 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kfl Kung Cameroon Yes 1,750 2001 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ggk Kungarakany Australia Yes 0 2005 0 1989

0 1992



not liisted 1978 not listed
not listed
kvg Kuni-Boazi Papua New Guinea Yes 2,500 2001 2,000 1990

1,962 1981



1,900 1978 not listed
not listed
kup Kunimaipa Papua New Guinea Yes 11,000 1991 11,000 1991

11,000 1991



8,000 1975 not listed
not listed
xuo Kuo Chad Yes 14,803 2005 15,000 1995

10,000 1985 10,000 1985

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kuv Kur Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 3,181 2000 3,000 1985

3,000 1985



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
krh Kurama Nigeria Yes 40,284 2000 11,300 1949

11,300 1949



11,300 1949 not listed
not listed
nbn Kuri Indonesia (Papua) Yes 500 1982 500 1982

500 1982



550 1962 not listed
not listed
vku Kurrama Australia Yes 50 1981 50 1981

50 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xkz Kurtokha Bhutan Yes 10,000 1993 10,000 1993

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kyr Kuruáya Brazil Yes 147 1998 147 1988

52 1986 52 1986

0 1978 not listed
not listed
kus Kusaal Ghana Yes 437,000 2005 517,000 1995

400,000 1992



243,780 1976 not listed
not listed
kuh Kushi Nigeria Yes 11,000 1995 11,000 1995

4,000 1973



4,000 1973 not listed
not listed
khj Kuturmi Nigeria Yes 10,521 2000 2,950 1949

2,950 1949



2,950 1949 not listed
not listed
wka Kw adza Tanzania Yes 0 2005 0 1999

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kwz Kwadi Angola Yes 0 2005 0 2000

15,000 1977 15,000 1977

15,000 1977 not listed
not listed
kwk Kwakiutl Canada Yes 235 2005 295 1991

1,000 1977 1,000 1977

1,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
kmq Kwama Ethiopia Yes 15,000 1982 15,000 1982

15,000 1982



cluster
not listed
not listed
ktf Kwami Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 400 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
kya Kwaya Tanzania Yes 102,000 1987 102,000 1987

102,000 1987



35,000 1972 not listed
not listed
kwe Kwerba Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,500 1996 2,500 1996

1,500 1987



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
kwt Kwesten Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,000 1987 2,000 1987

2,000 1987



2,476 1975 not listed
not listed
gww Kwini Australia Yes 50 1979









-1 1978 not listed
not listed
aue =Kx au||´ein Namibia Yes 4,000 2005 5,000 1993

3,000 1991



4,890 1977 not listed
not listed
kyc Kyaka Papua New Guinea Yes 15,368 1981 15,368 1981

15,368 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lkl Laeko-Libuat Papua New Guinea Yes 719 2003 538 1978

538 1978



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lgb Laghu Solomon Islands Yes 15 1999 5 1981

5 1981



5 1978 not listed
not listed
lak Laka (Nigeria) Nigeria Yes 5,000 1995



500 1973



500 1973 not listed
not listed
lkt Lakota USA Yes

6,000 1987

6,000 1987 6,000 1987

cluster
not listed
not listed
leb Lala-Bisa Zambia Yes











327,000 1973 not listed
not listed
lal Lalia Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 55,000 1993



30,000 1971



30,000 1971 not listed
not listed
las Lama (Togo) Togo Yes 186,400 2005



172,400 1991



20,000 1973 not listed
not listed
lmh Lambichhong Nepal Yes 500 1991 500 1991

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lmk Lamkang India Yes

10,000 1996

7,780 1988



30,254 1971 not listed
not listed
lev Lamma Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 10,000 2005 -1 2000

10,000 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
laj Lango (Uganda) Uganda Yes 977,680 1991 977,680 1991

823,200 1986



560,000 1978 200,000 1958 not listed
lso Laos Sign Language Laos
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lra Lara Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 19,603 2005 12,000 1981

12,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
lrg Laragia Australia Yes 6 1983 6 1983

-1 1992



10 1970 not listed
not listed
lrl Lari Iran
80,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lro Laro Sudan Yes 40,000 1998 40,000 1998

7,548 1984



3,000 1971 not listed
not listed
lar Larteh Ghana Yes 74,000 2003 44,000 1998

156,200 1988



114,800 1978 not listed
not listed
lan Laru Nigeria Yes 5,000 1995 5,000 1995

1,000 1973



1,000 1973 not listed
not listed
lss Lasi Pakistan
15,000 1998 15,000 1998

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lav Latvian Latvia
1,543,844 2005 1,500,000 1995 1,550,000 1986 2,000,000 1991 1,554,000 1986 1,468,422 1979 1,430,000 1971 not listed
not listed
llu Lau Solomon Islands Yes 16,937 1999 16,500 1998

10,300 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lbv Lavatbura-Lamusong Papua New Guinea Yes 1,308 1972 1,308 1972

1,308 1972



1,308 1972 not listed
not listed
lbo Laven Laos Yes





25,000 1981



8,000 1978 not listed
not listed
tgi Lawunuia Papua New Guinea Yes 550 1977 not listed 2000

550 1977



550 1977 not listed
not listed
lya Layakha Bhutan Yes 1,100 2003 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lec Leco Bolivia Yes 20 2001 -1 2000

0 1992 0 1988

200 1978 25 1958 not listed
llc Lele (Guinea) Guinea Yes 23,000 1998 23,000 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lef Lelemi Ghana Yes 48,900 2003 38,500 1998

30,570 1988



14,900 1977 not listed
not listed
lpa Lelepa Vanuatu Yes 400 1989



3,000 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
liw Lembak Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 50,000 1989 50,000 1989

50,000 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
leh Lenje Zambia Yes 171,000 2001 169,000 1993

136,000 1986



79,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ldg Lenyima Nigeria Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
lww Lewo Vanuatu Yes 750 1986 750 1986

750 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lez Lezghian Russia (Europe)
451,112 2005 451,000 1996

500,000 1989 383,000 1979

324,000 1970 165,000 1958 not listed
lhp Lhokpu Bhutan Yes 2,500 1993 2,500 1993

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lix Liabuku Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 75 2004 1,500 1991

1,500 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lir Liberian English Liberia
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
liz Libinza Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 10,000 1986 10,000 1986

10,000 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lgz Ligenza Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 43,000 1986 43,000 1986

43,000 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lih Lihir Papua New Guinea Yes 12,571 2000 6,000 1985

6,000 1985



4,791 1972 not listed
not listed
lie Likila Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 8,400 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
lil Lillooet Canada Yes 200 2002 400 1990

400 1990 500 1977

500 1977 not listed
not listed
lma Limba, East Guinea Yes











not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lif Limbu Nepal Yes 361,633 2005



200,000 1992



170,987 1971 not listed
not listed
lms Limousin France
10,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
lpo Lipo China Yes 60,068 1993 60,068 1993

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
lcl Lisela Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 11,922 1989 11,922 1989

11,922 1989



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
trg Lishán Didán Israel
4,378 2005 4,300 1999

20,000 1992



5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
lrk Loarki Pakistan
20,000 1998 25,000 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
loq Lobala Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 60,000 2000









-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ruu Lobu, Lanas Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 2,800 1986 2,800 1986

2,800 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lof Logol Sudan Yes 7,811 2000 2,600 1956

2,600 1956



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lhl Lohar, Lahul India
750 1996 750 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
llq Lolak Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 5,000 1983 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lom Loma (Liberia) Liberia Yes 141,800 1991 141,800 1991

141,800 1991



54,000 1962 not listed
not listed
rmi Lomavren Armenia


-1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lce Loncong Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 424 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
wok Longto Cameroon Yes 2,400 1982 2,400 1982

2,400 1982



1,000 1972 not listed
not listed
lov Lopi Myanmar Yes 4,775 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lbr Lorung, Northern Nepal Yes 11,521 2000 10,000 1991

12,000 1985



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
khb China Yes 672,054 2005 551,700 2000

1,000,000 1992





not listed
not listed
luq Lucumi Cuba
-2 2005 -2 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ldq Lufu Nigeria Yes -1 2005 -1 1992

0 1992



0 1978 not listed
not listed
lgg Lugbara Uganda Yes 1,040,000 2005 488,000 2000









not listed
not listed
lga Lungga Solomon Islands Yes 2,767 1999 2,000 1997

1,350 1982



1,044 1976 not listed
not listed
ldd Luri Nigeria Yes 30 1973 30 1973

30 1973



30 1973 not listed
not listed
lrc Luri, Northern Iran
1,500,000 2001 cluster


cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ndy Lutos Central African Republic Yes 18,978 2005 19,000 2000

9,845 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
luv Luwati Oman
5,000 1996 5,000 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mjn Ma (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 570 2003 319 1981

319 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mas Maasai Kenya Yes 883,000 2005 883,000 2000

689,000 1992



200,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mpd Machinere Brazil Yes 400 1995 400 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
mmx Madak Papua New Guinea Yes 3,000 1985 3,000 1985

3,000 1985



2,692 1972 not listed
not listed
mqd Madang Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 2,222 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
maf Mafa Cameroon Yes 140,907 2005 138,000 1982

138,000 1992



56,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mgp Magar, Eastern Nepal Yes 356,074 2005 290,000 2000

289,519 1992





not listed
not listed
gmd Mágdhi Nigeria Yes 2,000 1992 2,000 1992

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gmx Magoma Tanzania Yes 9,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vmv Maidu, Valley USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

cluster
cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
mmm Maii Vanuatu Yes 100 1981 100 1981

100 1981



57 1978 not listed
not listed
vmf Mainfränkisch Germany
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mum Maiwala Papua New Guinea Yes 2,448 2000 1,294 1990

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xmj Majera Cameroon Yes





5,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vmk Makhuwa-Shirima Mozambique Yes 500,000 1996 500,000 1996

-1 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
ymk Makwe Mozambique Yes 32,000 2005 32,000 1997

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ccm Malaccan Creole Malay Malaysia (Peninsular)
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bmm Malagasy, Northern Betsimisaraka Madagascar Yes 900,000 2001 not listed 2000

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
bjq Malagasy, Southern Betsimisaraka Madagascar Yes 600,000 2001 cluster 2000

cluster 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
mlk Malakote Kenya Yes 8,000 1994 8,000 1994

25,000 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mjo Malankuravan India Yes 7,339 1981 7,339 1981

5,000 1978



5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mjp Malapandaram India Yes 3,147 1981 3,147 1981

500 1992



500 1978 not listed
not listed
mly Malay Malaysia (Peninsular)
17,604,253 2005



17,526,000 1992





not listed
not listed
btj Malay, Bacanese Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 2,500 1991 2,500 1991

2,500 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bpq Malay, Banda Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 3,690 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xdy Malayic Dayak Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 520,000 1981 520,000 1981

520,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mlz Malaynon Philippines Yes 8,500 1973 8,500 1973

8,500 1973



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xml Malaysian Sign Language Malaysia
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
div Maldivian Maldives
287,196 2005 220,000 1992

220,000 1992



90,000 1974 not listed
not listed
mxf Malgbe Cameroon Yes

36,000 1977

36,000 1977



36,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mzd Malimba Cameroon Yes 2,230 2001 4,500 1982

4,500 1982



3,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mli Malimpung Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 5,000 1995 5,000 1995

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mlt Maltese Malta
371,900 2005 330,000 2000

330,000 1992 300,000 1975

300,000 1975 not listed
not listed
mll Malua Bay Vanuatu Yes 300 1983 300 1983

300 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mvc Mam, Central Guatemala Yes 100,000 1992 100,000 1992

100,000 1992 10,000 1982

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mzk Mambila, Nigeria Nigeria Yes 99,000 1993 99,000 1993







80,000 1973 not listed
not listed
mgr Mambwe-Lungu Zambia Yes 359,800 2005 262,800 1993

307,000 1987



121,000 1973 not listed
not listed
mnc Manchu China Yes 60 1999 70 1995

1,000 1990



200,000 1972 not listed
not listed
zma Manda (Australia) Australia Yes 25 1983 25 1983

25 1983 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mht Mandahuaca Venezuela Yes 3,003 2005



3,025 1992 3,025 1988

3,000 1975 -1 1958 not listed
mhq Mandan USA Yes 6 1992 6 1992

6 1992 6 1986

10 1962 not listed
not listed
tbf Mandara Papua New Guinea Yes 2,500 1985 2,500 1985

2,500 1985



2,011 1972 not listed
not listed
mst Mandaya, Cataelano Philippines Yes 19,000 1980 19,000 1980

19,000 1980



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mqy Manggarai Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 500,000 1989 500,000 1981

500,000 1989



251,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mge Mango Chad Yes 50,000 1981 50,000 1981

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mqc Mangole Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 7,275 2000 7,000 1983

7,000 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mju Manna-Dora India Yes 18,964 1981 18,964 1981

8,476 1992



8,476 1978 not listed
not listed
msm Manobo, Agusan Philippines Yes 60,000 2002 40,000 1981

40,000 1981



15,000 1977 not listed
not listed
atd Manobo, Ata Philippines Yes 26,653 2000 20,000 1981

20,000 1981



7,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mta Manobo, Cotabato Philippines Yes 30,000 2002 15,000 1991

15,000 1981



5,000 1973 not listed
not listed
mqk Manobo, Rajah Kabunsuwan Philippines Yes 7,565 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mbb Manobo, Western Bukidnon Philippines Yes 19,034 2000 15,000 1981

15,000 1981



40,000 1977 not listed
not listed
myg Manta Cameroon Yes 5,300 2001 13,600 1982

13,600 1982



10,000 1971 not listed
not listed
nty Mantsi Viet Nam Yes 1,100 2002 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mzv Manza Central African Republic Yes 220,000 1996 220,000 1996

297,867 1988



100,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mnm Mapena Papua New Guinea Yes 274 1973 274 1973

274 1973



274 1973 not listed
not listed
mec Mara Australia Yes 15 1991 15 1991

15 1991



100 1978 not listed
not listed
zmr Maranunggu Australia Yes 20 1983 20 1983

20 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mhg Margu Australia Yes 1 2000 4 1981

4 1981



12 1970 not listed
not listed
mhr Mari, Eastern Russia (Europe) Yes 534,569 2005 534,000 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mrz Marind Indonesia (Papua) Yes 7,000 1987 7,000 1987

7,000 1987



900 1977 not listed
not listed
bpv Marind, Bian Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,900 2002 900 1977

900 1977



900 1977 not listed
not listed
mbw Maring Papua New Guinea Yes 11,000 1998 11,000 1998

8,000 1987



8,000 1975 not listed
not listed
zmt Maringarr Australia Yes 40 1983 40 1983

40 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
myx Masaba Uganda Yes 751,293 1991 751,293 1991

500,000 1990



510,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mls Masalit Sudan Yes 240,520 2005 250,000 1983

250,000 1983



103,500 1978 not listed
not listed
cuj Mashco Piro Peru Yes 100 1976 100 1976

100 1976 100 1976

100 1976 not listed
not listed
klv Maskelynes Vanuatu Yes 1,200 1990 1,200 1990

1,200 1990



620 1977 not listed
not listed
mtn Matagalpa Nicaragua Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mfh Matal Cameroon Yes 18,000 1982 18,000 1982

18,000 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xmt Matbat Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,250 2001 550 1991

1,000 1981



550 1978 not listed
not listed
mqe Matepi Papua New Guinea Yes 284 2003 238 1981

238 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mvb Mattole USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mjj Mawak Papua New Guinea Yes 25 2000 31 1981

31 1981



1,020 1969 not listed
not listed
mcz Mawan Papua New Guinea Yes 471 2003 269 1981

269 1981



200 1971 not listed
not listed
xmy Mayaguduna Australia Yes 2 2005 2 2000

2 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mzn Mazanderani Iran
3,265,000 1993 3,265,000 1993

2,119,700 1986



1,620,000 1978 not listed
not listed
vmy Mazatec, Ayautla Mexico Yes 3,500 1994 3,500 1994

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
mfc Mba Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 36,087 2000 20,000 1977

20,000 1977



20,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zmz Mbandja Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 361,998 2005 200,000 1982

200,000 1982



81,000 1971 100,000 1958 not listed
mgn Mbangi Central African Republic Yes 2,750 1996 2,750 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nza Mbembe, Tigon Cameroon Yes 56,000 2005 56,000 2000

38,900 1992



25,000 1972 not listed
not listed
mdt Mbere Congo Yes 105,882 2005 60,000 1990

60,000 1990



45,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mdu Mboko Congo Yes 27,166 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mdq Mbole Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 100,000 1971 100,000 1971

100,000 1971



100,000 1971 not listed
not listed
kmb Mbundu Angola Yes 3,000,000 1999 3,000,000 1999

3,000,000 1991 1,817,000 1977

1,336,300 1972 not listed
not listed
mvk Mekmek Papua New Guinea Yes 1,036 1981 1,036 1981

1,036 1981



3,450 1978 not listed
not listed
msf Mekwei Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,200 1987 1,200 1987

1,200 1987 1,200 1987 not listed 1984 1,200 1978 not listed
not listed
mel Melanau Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 30,099 2005 25,320 1981

25,320 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mfx Melo Ethiopia Yes 20,151 1998 20,151 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
med Melpa Papua New Guinea Yes 130,000 1991 130,000 1991

130,000 1991



59,347 1971 1,000 1951 -1 1951
sim Mende (Papua New Guinea) Papua New Guinea Yes 5,697 2003 7,600 1996

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xmg Mengaka Cameroon Yes 20,000 1993 20,000 1993

-1




not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mee Mengen Papua New Guinea Yes 8,400 1982 8,400 1982

8,400 1982



6,000 1968 not listed
not listed
mea Menka Cameroon Yes 5,200 2000 12,500 1982

12,500 1982



10,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mez Menominee USA Yes 39 2005 39 2000

50 1977 50 1977

50 1977 -1 1958 not listed
mwv Mentawai Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 50,000 1992 50,000 1992

50,000 1989



50,000 1977 not listed
not listed
emg Meohang, Eastern Nepal Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

cluster 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
lmb Merei Vanuatu Yes 400 1997 400 1997

150 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
iyo Mesaka Cameroon Yes 14,000 1982 14,000 1982

14,000 1982



4,000 1971 not listed
not listed
sac Mesquakie USA Yes 300 2001 800 197

800 1977 800 1977

800 1977 not listed
not listed
wtm Mewati India
5,000,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mej Meyah Indonesia (Papua) Yes 14,783 2000 20,000 1995

10,000 1985



10,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zmf Mfinu Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 8,400 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mei Midob Sudan Yes 50,000 1993 50,000 1993

30,000 1983



1,800 1977 not listed
not listed
min Minangkabau Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 6,500,000 1981 6,500,000 1981

6,500,000 1981



7,500,000 1976 2,000,000 1958 not listed
vmg Minigir Papua New Guinea Yes 598 2000 373 1979

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zrg Mirgan India
12,000 1992 12,000 1992

30,687 1941



30,687 1941 not listed
not listed
mjs Miship Nigeria Yes 6,000 1976 6,000 1976

6,000 1976



6,000 1976 not listed
not listed
csm Miwok, Central Sierra USA Yes 12 1994 5 1962

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
mco Mixe, Coatlán Mexico Yes 5,000 1993 5,000 1993

5,000 1982 5,000 1982

12,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mzl Mixe, Mazatlán Mexico Yes 19,211 2000 20,000 1993

25,000 1991 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
neq Mixe, North Central Mexico Yes 13,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mim Mixtec, Alacatlatzala Mexico Yes

20,000 1990

15,000 1990 10,000 1982

15,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mxs Mixtec, Huitepec Mexico Yes 4,000 1990 4,000 1990

4,000 1983 4,000 1983

5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mjc Mixtec, San Juan Colorado Mexico Yes 13,500 1990 13,500 1990

12,000 1983 12,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mig Mixtec, San Miguel El Grande Mexico Yes 14,453 1990 14,453 1990

4,000 1977 4,000 1977

4,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
mit Mixtec, Southern Puebla Mexico Yes 1,330 1990 1,330 1990

3,000 1982 3,000 1982

12,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mtx Mixtec, Tidaá Mexico Yes 550 1990 550 1990

2,000 1977 2,000 1977

2,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mtu Mixteco, Tututepec Mexico Yes 817 1990 817 1990

2,000 1972 2,000 1972

2,000 1972 not listed
not listed
lhs Mlahsö Syria
0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cmo Mnong, Central Viet Nam Yes 52,451 2005



90,000 1981



23,000 1973 not listed
not listed
gbn Mo da Sudan Yes 600 1977 600 1977

600 1977



600 1977 not listed
not listed
old Mochi Tanzania Yes 596,656 2000 240,000 1972

240,000 1972



240,000 1972 not listed
not listed
mhc Mocho Mexico Yes 168 1990 168 1990

500 1982 500 1982

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mxd Modang Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 15,300 1981 15,300 1981

15,300 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
mfk Mofu, North Cameroon Yes 27,500 1982 27,500 1982

27,500 1982



cluster
not listed
not listed
mou Mogum Chad Yes 7,000 1997 7,000 1997

6,000 1971



6,000 1971 not listed
not listed
moh Mohawk Canada Yes 3,350 2005 4,000 2000

3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 not listed
not listed
mof Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
mft Mokerang Papua New Guinea Yes 200 1981 200 1981

200 1981



cluster
not listed
not listed
mkj Mokilese Micronesia Yes 1,050 1979 1,050 1979

1,050 1979



800 1974 not listed
not listed
pwm Molbog Philippines Yes

6,680 1990

5,640 1987



9,000 1977 not listed
not listed
bxc Molengue Equatorial Guinea Yes 1,000 2002 -1 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mmb Momina Indonesia (Papua) Yes 200 1998 200 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mqf Momuna Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,000 2000 2,700 1987

2,700 1987



1,500 1978 not listed
not listed
mnd Mondé Brazil Yes 30 1995 30 1995

200 1986 200 1986

30 1975 not listed
not listed
mfe Morisyen Mauritius
604,000 2005 604,000 2000

600,000 1989



300,000 1975 not listed
not listed
mor Moro Sudan Yes 30,000 1982 30,000 1982

30,000 1982



28,311 1956 not listed
not listed
mlv Motlav Vanuatu Yes 1,275 1983 1,275 1983

1,275 1983



850 1977 not listed
not listed
mxi Mozarabic Spain
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mpz Mpi Thailand Yes 900 2000 2,000 1981

2,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mub Mubi Chad Yes 35,277 1993 35,277 1993

36,000 1971



36,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mwd Mudbura Australia Yes 50 1983 50 1983

50 1983 50 1983 60 1970 60 1970 not listed
not listed
wiv Muduapa Papua New Guinea Yes 8,800 1991 8,800 1991

8,800 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mmk Mukha-Dora India Yes 17,456 1981 17,456 1981

9,965 1978



9,965 1978 not listed
not listed
vmo Muko-Muko Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 30,000 1989 30,000 1989

30,000 1989



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
moz Mukulu Chad Yes 12,000 1990 12,000 1990

12,000 1990



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mfw Mulaha Papua New Guinea Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mnf Mundani Cameroon Yes 34,000 1987 34,000 1987

34,000 1987



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mtq Muong Viet Nam Yes 1,137,515 1999 914,000 1993

767,000 1981



370,000 1973 not listed
not listed
emu Muria, Eastern India Yes 10,089 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
fmu Muria, Far Western India Yes 10,089 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
mut Muria, Western India Yes 12,898 1971 12,898 1971

12,898 1971



cluster
not listed
not listed
mur Murle Sudan Yes 60,200 2005 60,200 2000

66,000 1992



40,000 1971 35,000 1949 not listed
muz Mursi Ethiopia Yes 3,278 1998 3,278 1998

5,000 1992



6,000 1975 not listed
not listed
mse Musey Chad Yes 195,640 2005 195,640 1993

120,000 1988



60,000 1971 not listed
not listed
mug Musgu Cameroon Yes 85,908 2005 85,908 2000

75,000 1972



75,000 1972 not listed
not listed
myw Muyuw Papua New Guinea Yes 6,000 1998 6,000 1998

3,000 1972



3,000 1972 not listed
not listed
mye Myene Gabon Yes 46,743 2000 69,000 1993

60,000 1990



10,000 1971 not listed
not listed
nbt Na India Yes 1,500 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ncd Nachering Nepal Yes 3,553 2001 2,000 1991

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mbj Nadëb Brazil Yes 300 1986 300 1986

300 1986 300 1986

200 1976 -1 1958 not listed
nbc Naga, Chang India
31,000 1997 31,000 1997

18,000 1991



15,816 1971 6,000 1958 not listed
nkf Naga, Inpui India Yes 10,000 2000 48,268 1994

50,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
njh Naga, Lotha India Yes 80,000 1997 80,000 1997

40,000 1991



36,949 1971 not listed
not listed
nbi Naga, Mao India Yes 81,000 1997 81,000 1997

60,000 1989



19,968 1971 not listed
not listed
nmh Naga, Monsang India Yes 3,200 2001 2,550 1988

2,550 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tro Naga, Tarao India
870 2000 570 1988

570 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nzm Naga, Zeme India Yes 30,800 2001 27,000 1994

8,000 1990



6,472 1971 not listed
not listed
ngu Náhuatl, Guerrero Mexico Yes 150,000 1998 200,000 1998

300,000 1991 90,000 1977

180,000 1977 not listed
not listed
nkj Nakai Indonesia (Papua) Yes 700 1999 700 1999

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nck Nakara Australia Yes 100 1983 100 1983

100 1983



80 1970 not listed
not listed
nnt Nanticoke USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
nxu Narau Indonesia (Papua) Yes 90 2000 100 1993

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
nnr Narungga Australia Yes 0 2005 1 1981

1 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nti Natioro Burkina Faso Yes 2,400 1991 2,400 1991

2,400 1991 2,000 1983

1,088 1972 not listed
not listed
nsw Navut Vanuatu Yes 525 1983 525 1983

525 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nda Ndasa Congo Yes 6,988 2005 5,000 1990

5,000 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nml Ndemli Cameroon Yes 5,950 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ndq Ndombe Angola Yes 22,329 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
njd Ndonde Hamba Tanzania Yes 20,000 2002



33,000 1987



12,000 1971 not listed
not listed
ndr Ndoola Nigeria Yes 62,569 2005 50,000 1992

10,000 1982



10,000 1978 not listed
not listed
nfd Ndun Nigeria Yes 3,000 2003 4,000 1973

4,000 1973



4,000 1973 not listed
not listed
nef Nefamese India
-1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nen Nengone New Caledonia Yes 6,500 2000 6,050 1982

6,050 1982



3,000 1939 not listed
not listed
net Nete Papua New Guinea Yes 1,000 1982 1,000 1982

1,000 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nez Nez Perce USA Yes 300 1997 697 1990

500 1977 500 1977

500 1977 -1 1958 not listed
hlt Nga La Myanmar Yes 60,000 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nea Ngad a, Eastern Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 5,000 1994 5,000 1993

cluster 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
nig Ngalakan Australia Yes 10 1981 10 1981

10 1981



30 1972 not listed
not listed
ngk Ngalkbun Australia Yes 20 2000 200 1983 200 1983 200 1983 200 1983



not listed
not listed
nbv Ngamambo Cameroon Yes 8,000 2002 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nbj Ngarinman Australia Yes 170 1983 170 1983

170 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
nxn Ngawun Australia Yes 1 1981 1 1981

1 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nga Ngbaka Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 1,018,836 2005



772,760 1992



700,000 1977 not listed
not listed
nbd Ngbinda Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 4,200 2002 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
nsh Ngoshie Cameroon Yes 9,200 2001 5,000 1984

5,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nuw Nguluwan Nauru Yes 50 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ngz Ngungwel Congo Yes 45,000 1988 45,000 1988

45,000 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nhf Nhuwala Australia Yes 10 1981 10 1981

10 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nie Niellem Chad Yes 5,157 1993 5,157 1993

3,500 1991



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
nii Nii Papua New Guinea Yes 12,000 1991 12,000 1991

12,000 1991



9,300 1975 not listed
not listed
nim Nilamba Tanzania Yes 440,000 1987 440,000 1987

440,000 1987



210,000 1972 not listed
not listed
nis Nimi Papua New Guinea Yes 1,381 1980 1,381 1980

1,381 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nby Ningera Papua New Guinea Yes 147 2003 400 1993

250 1982



406 1978 not listed
not listed
nxr Ninggerum Papua New Guinea Yes 6,146 2005 4,000 2000

4,000 1975



3,500 1977 not listed
not listed
njs Nisa Indonesia (Papua) Yes 500 1987 500 1987

500 1987



250 1978 not listed
not listed
ncg Nisga a Canada Yes 700 2005 2,000 1998

2,500 1977 2,500 1977

2,500 1977 not listed
not listed
num Niuafo ou Tonga Yes 690 1981 690 1981

690 1981



600 1971 not listed
not listed
niu Niue Niue Yes 7,941 2005 8,000 2000

8,000 1992



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
nzb Njebi Gabon Yes 40,092 2005 150,000 1990

150,000 1990



40,000 1971 not listed
not listed
njy Njyem Cameroon Yes 7,000 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nka Nkoya Zambia Yes 70,000 1995 70,000 1995

60,000 1991



31,000 1973 not listed
not listed
nog Nogai Russia (Europe) Yes 67,806 2005 68,000 2000

54,000 1979 54,000 1979



not listed
not listed
lem Nomaande Cameroon Yes 6,000 1982 6,000 1982

6,000 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
not Nomatsiguenga Peru Yes 6,500 2003 4,500 1998

4,000 1976 4,000 1976

4,000 1976 not listed
not listed
nok Nooksack USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 10 1962

10 1962 not listed
not listed
snf Noon Senegal Yes 29,825 2002 26,500 1998

21,200 1991



70,000 1972 not listed
not listed
nhu Noone Cameroon Yes 25,000 2001 35,000 1991

35,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nsx Nsongo Angola Yes 50,000 1978 50,000 1978

50,000 1978 50,000 1978

15,000 1978 not listed
not listed
yas Nugunu (Cameroon) Cameroon Yes 35,000 1987 35,000 1987

35,000 1987



26,000 1971 not listed
not listed
nur Nukuria Papua New Guinea Yes 550 2003 200 1981

200 1981



154 1978 not listed
not listed
tgs Nume Vanuatu Yes 450 1983 450 1983

450 1983



300 1971 not listed
not listed
kdk Numee New Caledonia Yes 1,814 1996 1,800 1982

1,800 1982



1,100 1978 not listed
not listed
nun Nung (Myanmar) Myanmar Yes 790 2005 -1 2000







10,000 1977 10,000 1958 not listed
nut Nung (Viet Nam) Viet Nam Yes

705,000 1993

1,500,000 1981



100,000 1973 80,000 1951 not listed
nup Nupe-Nupe-Tako Nigeria Yes 800,000 1990 800,000 1990

1,000,000 1990



750,000 1973 not listed
not listed
cbn Nyahkur Thailand Yes 10,000 2000 10,000 1981

10,000 1981



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
yly Nyâlayu New Caledonia Yes 1,522 1996 1,400 1988

1,400 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
now Nyambo Tanzania Yes 400,000 2003 7,000 1987

7,000 1987



4,000 1971 not listed
not listed
nym Nyamwezi Tanzania Yes 1,200,000 2001 926,000 1993

904,000 1987



363,000 1972 not listed
not listed
nnj Nyangatom Ethiopia Yes 14,177 1998 14,177 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nyl Nyeu Thailand Yes 200 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nyh Nyigina Australia Yes 50 1981 50 1981

50 1981



-1 1978 not listed
19 1949
nih Nyiha Tanzania Yes 626,000 2005 626,000 2000







64,000 1972 not listed
not listed
nzy Nzakambay Chad Yes 31,501 2005 35,000 2000

-1 1992



20,000 1967 not listed
not listed
odu Odual Nigeria Yes 18,000 1989 18,000 1989

18,000 1989



9,000 1973 not listed
not listed
eri Ogea Papua New Guinea Yes 2,209 2003 700 1995

500 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ojw Ojibwa, Western Canada Yes 10,000 2002 35,000 2000

35,000 1977 35,000 1977

35,000 1977 not listed
not listed
okd Okodia Nigeria Yes 3,600 1977 3,600 1977

3,600 1977



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
opa Okpamheri Nigeria Yes 30,000 1973 30,000 1973

30,000 1973



30,000 1973 not listed
not listed
okx Okpe (Nigeria Northwestern Edoid) Nigeria Yes 8,700 2004 -1 2000

cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
okl Old Kentish Sign Language United Kingdom
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ong Olo Papua New Guinea
13,667 2003 12,000 1987

12,000 1987



8,800 1968 not listed
not listed
lul Olu bo Sudan Yes 15,000 1985 15,000 1985

15,000 1985



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
iko Olulumo-Ikom Nigeria Yes 30,000 1989 30,000 1989

30,000 1989



9,250 1953 not listed
not listed
osu One, Southern Papua New Guinea Yes 200 2000 not listed 2000

Aunalei cluster




Aunalei cluster
not listed
not listed
onj Onjob Papua New Guinea Yes 150 2000 160 1981

160 1981



160 1973 not listed
not listed
ont Ontenu Papua New Guinea Yes 3,000 1996 3,000 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
oor Oorlams South Africa
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ors Orang Seletar Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 1,737 2005 541 1981

541 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ore Orejón Peru Yes 190 1976 300 1976

300 1976 300 1976

300 1976 not listed
not listed
hae Oromo, Eastern Ethiopia Yes 4,526,000 1998 4,526,000 1998

1,077,000 1992



1,077,000 1978 not listed
not listed
uta Otank Nigeria Yes 3,000 1973 3,000 1973

3,000 1973



3,000 1973 not listed
not listed
ots Otomí, Estado de México Mexico Yes 10,000 1990 10,000 1990

7,000 1982 7,000 1982

70,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed
ote Otomi, Mezquital Mexico Yes 100,100 1990 100,100 1990

100,000 1992 100,000 1988

100,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed
otr Otoro Sudan Yes 10,000 2001 13,000 1989

13,000 1989



28,000 1972 not listed
not listed
otw Ottawa Canada Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
wsr Owenia Papua New Guinea Yes 349 1981 349 1981

349 1981



250 1978 not listed
not listed
pma Paama Vanuatu Yes 6,000 1996 6,000 1996

5,250 1983



3,500 1977 not listed
not listed
sig Paasaal Ghana Yes 36,000 2003 30,000 1996

50,000 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
pae Pagibete Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 28,000 2000 25,000 1985

25,000 1985



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
phr Pahari-Potwari Pakistan
49,440 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kfx Pahari, Kullu India
109,000 1997 109,000 1997

172,000 1981



63,716 1971 not listed
not listed
pkg Pak-Tong Papua New Guinea Yes 970 1977 970 1977

970 1977



970 1977 not listed
not listed
pks Pakistan Sign Language Pakistan
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
plv Palawano, Southwest Philippines Yes 3,000 1985 3,000 1985

3,000 1985



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
plp Palpa Nepal Yes 7,562 2000 3,002 1961

3,002 1961



3,002 1961 not listed
not listed
pbz Palu Myanmar Yes 4,775 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
par Panamint USA Yes 20 1998 20 1998

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pnr Panim Papua New Guinea Yes 420 2003 152 1981

152 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pcg Paniya India Yes 63,827 1981 63,827 1981

6,325 1971



6,325 1971 not listed
not listed
pan Panjabi, Eastern India
28,006,704 2005



20,010,844 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
pmu Panjabi, Mirpur India
1,042,000 2005



-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
pap Papiamento Netherlands Antilles
319,400 2005 329,000 2000

262,200 1992 262,200 1988

240,000 1976 not listed
not listed
paf Paranawát Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 100 1958 not listed
kjl Parbate, Western Nepal Yes 46,466 2000 50,000 1998

15,000 1988



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
pch Pardhan India
116,919 1981 116,919 1981

453 1961



453 1961 not listed
not listed
paq Parya Tajikistan
2,495 2005









not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pbu Pashto, Northern Pakistan
9,700,000 2005 9,585,000 1993







cluster
not listed
not listed
pth Pataxó-Hãhaãi Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pfe Peere Cameroon Yes

20,000 1993

20,000 1991



400 1971 not listed
not listed
ppq Pei Papua New Guinea Yes 208 1981 208 1981

208 1981



600 1969 not listed
not listed
ums Pendau Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 3,200 2001 5,000 1991

5,000 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
peg Pengo India
350,000 2000 1,254 1961

1,254 1961



1,254 1961 not listed
not listed
pnh Penrhyn Cook Islands
600 1981 600 1981

600 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pip Pero Nigeria Yes 25,000 1995 25,000 1995

20,000 1973



20,000 1973 not listed
not listed
prt Phai Thailand Yes 46,000 2005



-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
phw Phangduwali Nepal Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pht Phu Thai Thailand
519,400 2005 434,000 2000

300,000 1990





100,000 1951 not listed
phh Phula Viet Nam Yes 13,246 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pis Pijin Solomon Islands Yes 24,390 1999 15,000 1997









not listed
not listed
pnv Pinigura Australia Yes 5 1981 5 1981

5 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pny Pinyin Cameroon Yes 24,600 2001 16,000 1982

16,000 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ppl Pipil El Salvador Yes 20 1987 20 1987

20 1987 20 1987

20 1978 not listed
not listed
pir Piratapuyo Brazil Yes 1,068 2005 1,068 1986

1,068 1986 1,068 1986

1,232 1978 250 1958 not listed
bxi Pirlatapa Australia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

1 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
psy Piscataway USA Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
pjt Pitjantjatjara Australia Yes 2,500 1995 2,500 1995 2,500 1995 1,300 1983 1,300 1983 2,000 1973 cluster
not listed
not listed
pix Piu Papua New Guinea Yes 100 2000 130 1970

130 1970



130 1970 not listed
not listed
piy Piya-Kwonci Nigeria Yes 5,000 1992



2,500 1977



2,500 1977 not listed
not listed
pdt Plautdietsch Canada
401,699 2005 400,000 2000

306,000 1992 306,000 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
pdn Podena Indonesia (Papua) Yes 200 1954 200 1954

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
poy Pogolo Tanzania Yes 185,000 1987 185,000 1987

185,000 1987



65,000 1972 not listed
not listed
pok Pokangá Brazil Yes 100 1983 100 1983

100 1983 100 1983

43 1973 100 1958 not listed
poj Pokomo, Lower Kenya Yes 29,000 1994 29,000 1994

19,900 1980



cluster
not listed
not listed
pkb Pokomo, Upper Kenya Yes 34,000 1994 34,000 1994

23,350 1980



cluster
not listed
not listed
plj Polci Nigeria Yes 22,000 1995 22,000 1995

6,150 1971



6,150 1971 not listed
not listed
pmo Pom Indonesia (Papua) Yes 2,000 1987 2,000 1987

2,000 1987



1,700 1961 not listed
not listed
peb Pomo, Eastern USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

cluster
cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
pca Popoloca, Santa Inés Ahuatempan Mexico Yes 5,000 2000 7,500 1993

6,000 1992 6,000 1988

6,000 1978 not listed
not listed
plo Popoluca, Oluta Mexico Yes 102 1990 102 1990

200 1992 200 1988

200 1978 not listed
not listed
pos Popoluca, Sayula Mexico Yes 4,000 1990 4,000 1990

6,000 1982 6,000 1982

6,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed
poi Populuca, Highland Mexico Yes 30,000 1991 30,000 1991

30,000 1991 25,000 1982

18,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
poc Poqomam, Central Guatemala Yes 8,600 1990 8,600 1990

8,600 1990 13,000 1982

15,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed
pou Poqomam, Southern Guatemala Yes 27,910 1991 27,912 1991

27,912 1991 3,000 1982

not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
psw Port Sandwich Vanuatu Yes 750 1983 750 1983

750 1983



700 1977 not listed
not listed
por Portuguese Portugal
177,457,180 2005 176,000,000 1999

175,000,000 1991 154,000,000 1987

112,853,540 1978 not listed
not listed
pim Powhatan USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1977 not listed
not listed
prn Prasuni Afghanistan
1,000 2000 2,000 2000

2,000 1992



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
prz Providencia Sign Language Colombia
-1 2005 3,000 1986

3,000 1986 3,000 1986

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kvj Psikye Cameroon Yes 52,500 2005 52,500 2000

40,500 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
pux Puari Papua New Guinea Yes 35 2003 371 1981

371 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
fuc Pulaar Senegal Yes 3,244,020 2005 2,921,300 1998

1,238,000 1992



894,250 1976

not listed
puw Puluwatese Micronesia Yes 1,364 1989 1,364 1989

1,500 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
puf Punan Merah Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 137 1981 137 1981

137 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
puj Punan Tubu Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 2,000 1981 2,000 1981

2,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
puo Puoc Viet Nam Yes 20,182 2005 13,000 2000

10,000 1981



5,000 1973 not listed
not listed
puy Purisimeño USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mfl Putai Nigeria Yes 50 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
pme Pwaamei New Caledonia Yes 219 1996 325 1974

325 1974



500 1978 not listed
not listed
pcw Pyapun Nigeria Yes 17,284 2000 4,635 1934

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
cng Qiang, Northern China Yes 57,800 1999



130,000 1990



77,000 1962 not listed
not listed
ahg Qimant Ethiopia Yes





17,000 1972



17,000 1972 not listed
not listed
qua Quapaw USA Yes 34 1990 34 1990

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
fcs Quebec Sign Language Canada
60,000 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
qxu Quechua, Arequipa La Union Peru Yes 18,628 2000 18,000 1998

16,000 1972



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
quk Quechua, Chachapoyas Peru Yes 7,000 2003 5,000 1976

5,000 1976 5,000 1976

5,000 1976 not listed
not listed
cqu Quechua, Chilean Chile Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
qxw Quechua, Jauja Wanca Peru Yes 31,500 1962 31,501 1962

31,501 1962 31,501 1962

31,500 1976 not listed
not listed
quf Quechua, Lambayeque Peru Yes 20,000 1998 20,000 1998

20,000 1984 20,000 1984

16,000 1976 not listed
not listed
qws Quechua, Sihuas Ancash Peru Yes 6,500 2002 10,000 1991

10,000 1991 not listed 1988

cluster
not listed
not listed
qxr Quichua, Cañar Highland Ecuador Yes 100,000 1991 100,000 1991

100,000 1991



40,000 1976 not listed
not listed
qus Quichua, Santiago del Estero Argentina Yes 60,000 2000 60,000 2000

75,000 1985 75,000 1985

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
rad Rade Viet Nam Yes

195,000 1993

120,000 1981



100,000 1973 200,000 1956 not listed
rji Raji Nepal Yes 2,413 2001



1,514 1954



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
rma Rama Nicaragua Yes 24 1989 24 1989

24 1989 20 1981

0 1973 not listed
not listed
rax Rang Nigeria Yes -1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
rao Rao Papua New Guinea Yes 6,000 1992 6,000 1992

3,340 1969



3,340 1969 not listed
not listed
ray Rapa French Polynesia Yes 521 1998 521 1998

400 1977



250 1962 not listed
not listed
rtw Rathawi India Yes 308,640 1981 308,640 1981

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
rat Razajerdi Iran
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
rej Rejang Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 1,000,000 1981 1,000,000 1981

1,000,000 1981



250,000 1977 not listed
not listed
rei Reli India Yes 19,000 1997 19,000 1997

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bow Rema Papua New Guinea Yes 0 2005 68 1980

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
rmb Rembarunga Australia Yes 150 1983 150 1983

150 1983 150 1983 400 1972 400 1972 not listed
not listed
rer Rer Bare Ethiopia Yes 0 2005 -1 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ria Riang (India) India Yes 140,011 2005



101,011 1991



75,942 1971 not listed
not listed
riu Riung Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 14,000 1981 14,000 1981

14,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
rup Romanian, Macedo Greece
306,237 2005 378,000 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

cluster
not listed
not listed
ruq Romanian, Megleno Greece
5,000 2005 12,000 1985

-1 1992 -1 1988

cluster
not listed
not listed
rol Romblomanon Philippines Yes 200,000 1987 200,000 1987

200,000 1987



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
rnp Rongpo India
7,500 2001 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
roe Ronji Papua New Guinea Yes 449 2003 227 1981

227 1981



300 1970 not listed
not listed
rnn Roon Indonesia (Papua) Yes 1,100 1993 1,100 1993

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
dru Rukai Taiwan Yes 10,543 2002 8,000 1994

6,305 1977



6,305 1977 2,000 1957 not listed
klq Rumu Papua New Guinea Yes 1,000 1985 1,000 1985

1,000 1985



650 1977 not listed
not listed
rna Runa Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
drg Rungus Malaysia (Sabah) Yes 15,000 1991 15,000 1991

15,000 1991



11,000 1975 not listed
not listed
rut Rutul Russia (Europe) Yes 20,111 2005



14,850 1979 14,850 1979

12,000 1970 10,356 1958 not listed
kin Rwanda Rwanda Yes 7,275,292 2005 7,362,800 2000

8,000,000 1991





not listed
not listed
apb Sa a Solomon Islands Yes 11,519 1999 10,700 1998

6,500 1981



4,445 1976 not listed
not listed
scq Sa och Cambodia Yes 500 1981 500 1981

500 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
raq Saam Nepal Yes 23 2001 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
hvn Sabu Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 110,000 1997 110,000 1997

100,000 1990



40,000 1977 5,000 1958 not listed
sbo Sabüm Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 889 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
skb Saek Laos Yes 25,000 2005 25,000 1990

25,000 1990



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
saf Safaliba Ghana Yes 4,000 2003 3,200 1998

4,000 1988



2,500 1973 not listed
not listed
sbm Sagala Tanzania Yes 79,000 1987 79,000 1987

79,000 1987



20,000 1971 not listed
not listed
tga Sagalla Kenya Yes 10,000 1980 10,000 1980

10,000 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ssy Saho Eritrea Yes 202,759 2005 166,750 2000

120,000 1982



not listed 1978 50,000 1951 not listed
saj Sahu Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 7,500 1987 7,500 1987

7,500 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
acf Saint Lucia Creole French Saint Lucia
357,128 2005 985,450 2000

121,000 1979



100,000 1974 not listed
not listed
xsy Saisiyat Taiwan Yes 4,750 2002 3,200 1978

3,200 1978



2,888 1973 1,500 1957 not listed
sjb Sajau Basap Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 6,000 1981 6,000 1981

6,000 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
skt Sakata Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 75,000 1982 75,000 1982

75,000 1982



75,000 1972 not listed
not listed
sbe Saliba Papua New Guinea Yes 2,300 2000 2,500 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
str Salish, Straits Canada Yes

30 1990

30 1990 50 1977

50 1977 not listed
not listed
sdz Sallands Netherlands
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sll Salt-Yui Papua New Guinea Yes 6,500 1981 6,500 1981

6,500 1981



6,000 1975 not listed
not listed
slj Salumá Brazil Yes 239 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
smp Samaritan Palestinian West Bank & Gaza
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
saq Samburu Kenya Yes 147,000 1994 147,000 1994

85,492 1979



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sju Sami, Ume Sweden Yes 20 2000 50 1995

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
scf San Miguel Creole French Panama
3 1999 3 1999

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
snl Sangil Philippines Yes 15,000 1996 15,000 1996

10,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
sgr Sangisari Iran
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sag Sango Central African Republic Yes 404,000 2005 400,000 2000

251,563 1988



200,000 1966 not listed
not listed
sny Saniyo-Hiyewe Papua New Guinea Yes 644 1981 644 1981

644 1981



600 1975 not listed
not listed
san Sanskrit India
6,106 1981 6,106 1981

2,212 1971



2,212 1971 not listed
not listed
sca Sansu Myanmar Yes 4,775 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
stc Santa Cruz Solomon Islands Yes 5,899 1999 5,000 1998

4,000 1990



3,230 1977 not listed
not listed
koj Sara Dunjo Central African Republic Yes 4,000 1996 4,000 1996

17,000 1971



17,000 1971 not listed
not listed
sdn Sardinian, Gallurese Italy
-1 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
swy Sarua Chad Yes 2,000 1997



2,000 1991



400 1971 not listed
not listed
mav Sateré-Mawé Brazil Yes 9,000 1994 9,000 1994

5,000 1990 5,000 1987

3,000 1975

not listed
saz Saurashtra India
310,000 1997 310,000 1997

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
mjt Sauria Paharia India Yes 122,000 2005 86,000 1994

88,645 1961



88,645 1961 not listed
not listed
ssj Sausi Papua New Guinea Yes 1,452 2003 495 1981

495 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sdg Savi Afghanistan






3,000 1983



1,000 1977 not listed
not listed
svs Savosavo Solomon Islands Yes 2,415 1999 2,200 1998

1,147 1976



1,147 1976 not listed
not listed
swr Saweru Indonesia (Papua) Yes 300 1991 300 1991

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
saw Sawi Indonesia (Papua) Yes 3,500 1993 3,500 1993

2,500 1985



2,500 1977 not listed
not listed
gul Sea Island Creole English USA
250,000 2000 125,000 1977

125,000 1977 125,000 1977

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
sge Segai Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 2,000 1981 2,000 1981

2,000 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
sfw Sehwi Ghana Yes 250,000 2003 200,000 1995

150,000 1988



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
skp Sekapan Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes 750 1981 750 1981

750 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ske Seke (Vanuatu) Vanuatu Yes 300 1983 300 1983

300 1983



200 1971 not listed
not listed
kgi Selangor Sign Language Malaysia (Peninsular)
-1 2005 not listed 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sea Semai Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 18,327 2000 18,327 1981

18,327 1981



15,500 1975 not listed
not listed
szc Semaq Beri Malaysia (Peninsular) Yes 2,078 2000 2,080 1981

2,080 1981



1,500 1975 not listed
not listed
sej Sene Papua New Guinea Yes 10 1978 10 1978

10 1978



12 1970 not listed
not listed
spk Sengo Papua New Guinea Yes 522 2003 300 1975

300 1975



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sjs Senhaja De Srair Morocco
0 2005 0 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
dyi Senoufo, Djimini Côte d Ivoire Yes 95,000 1993 95,000 1993

54,300 1991



not listed
not listed
not listed
plr Senoufo, Palaka Côte d Ivoire Yes 8,000 1995 8,000 1995

3,200 1991



10,000 1971 9,000 1958 not listed
tgw Senoufo, Tagwana Côte d Ivoire Yes 138,100 1993 138,100 1993

121,300 1991



43,000 1971 not listed
not listed
set Sentani Indonesia (Papua) Yes 30,000 1996 30,000 1996

25,000 1987



10,000 1978 not listed
not listed
stf Seta Papua New Guinea Yes 155 1981 155 1981

155 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sbi Seti Papua New Guinea Yes 164 2003 113 1981

113 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
shm Shahrudi Iran
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nfk Shakara Nigeria Yes 3,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ksb Shambala Tanzania Yes 664,000 2001 550,000 1993

485,000 1987



152,000 1972 not listed
not listed
shn Shan Myanmar Yes 3,260,000 2005 3,000,000 1993

3,000,000 1991



1,849,800 1976

not listed
ssv Shark Bay Vanuatu Yes 225 1983 225 1983

225 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
shj Shatt Sudan Yes 15,000 1984 15,000 1984

15,000 1984



9,000 1971 not listed
not listed
she Sheko Ethiopia Yes 23,785 2005 23,785 1998

23,000 1972



23,000 1972 not listed
not listed
sth Shelta Ireland
86,000 2005 86,000 2000

86,000 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sdp Sherdukpen India Yes 3,100 2001 4,000 1999

1,144 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
shk Shilluk Sudan Yes 175,000 1982 175,000 1982

175,000 1982



110,000 1971 not listed
not listed
plk Shina, Kohistani Pakistan
200,000 1981 200,000 1981

200,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sii Shom Peng India Yes 223 1981 214 1982

100 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
cjs Shor Russia (Asia) Yes 9,446 1989 9,760 1979

9,760 1979 16,000 1970

16,000 1970 13,000 1958 not listed
shh Shoshoni USA Yes 2,284 1990 2,284 1990

3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 -1 1958 not listed
sdt Shuadit France
0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sts Shumashti Afghanistan
1,000 1994 1,000 1994

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
slw Sialum Papua New Guinea Yes 642 1978 642 1978

642 1978



600 1970 not listed
not listed
ski Sika Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 175,000 1990 175,000 1990

175,000 1990





not listed
not listed
sik Sikiana Brazil Yes 48 2005









-1 1978 -1 1958 not listed
sip Sikkimese India
28,600 1996 28,600 1996

36,577 1961



36,577 1961 not listed
not listed
mkc Siliput Papua New Guinea Yes 515 2003 263 1978

263 1978



259 1962 not listed
not listed
smz Simeku Papua New Guinea Yes 1,898 1980 1,898 1980

1,898 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
smr Simeulue Indonesia (Sumatra) Yes 100,000 1981 100,000 1981

100,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
sls Singapore Sign Language Singapore
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sin Sinhala Sri Lanka
13,220,256 2005 13,220,000 2000

13,000,000 1991



10,274,400 1978 not listed
not listed
sil Sisaala, Tumulung Ghana Yes 105,000 2003 121,200 1991

121,200 1991



cluster
not listed
not listed
siy Sivandi Iran
7,033 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
szk Sizaki Tanzania Yes 82,000 1987 82,000 1987

82,000 1987



not listed 1978 40,000 1942 not listed
sno Snohomish USA Yes 10 1998 10 1998

20 1977 20 1977

20 1977 not listed
not listed
soc So (Democratic Republic of Congo) Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 6,000 1971 6,000 1971

6,000 1971



6,000 1971 not listed
not listed
sby Soli Zambia Yes 54,400 1986 54,400 1986

54,400 1986



32,000 1973 not listed
not listed
sol Solos Papua New Guinea Yes 3,200 1977 3,200 1977

3,200 1977



3,200 1977 not listed
not listed
smc Som Papua New Guinea Yes 80 2000 88 1978

88 1978



100 1970 not listed
not listed
smu Somray Cambodia Yes 2,000 1981 2,000 1981

2,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
khq Songhay, Korya Chiini Mali Yes 200,000 1999 200,000 1999

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
soe Songomeno Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 50,000 1972 50,000 1972

50,000 1972



40,000 1971 not listed
not listed
snk Soninke Mali Yes 1,096,795 2005 1,067,000 2000







457,000 1978 not listed
not listed
sov Sonsorol Palau Yes 600 1981



600 1981



464 1964 not listed
not listed
hsb Sorbian, Upper Germany
15,000 1996 55,000 1991

74,000 1976 74,000 1976

cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
bks Sorsogon, Masbate Philippines Yes 85,000 1975 85,000 1975

85,000 1975



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
nso Sotho, Northern South Africa Yes 3,709,717 2005 3,851,000 2000

3,000,000 1991





not listed
not listed
sfs South African Sign Language South Africa
12,100 1986 12,100 1986

12,100 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sow Sowanda Papua New Guinea Yes 1,212 2005 1,100 1978

1,100 1978



850 1971 not listed
not listed
spt Spiti Bhoti India
10,000 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
sto Stoney Canada Yes 1,500 1987 1,500 1987

1,500 1987 1,500 1987

3,000 1977 not listed
not listed
swp Suau Papua New Guinea Yes 6,795 1981 6,795 1981

6,795 1981



6,470 1972 not listed
not listed
xsj Subi Tanzania Yes -1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tgo Sudest Papua New Guinea Yes 2,000 1987 2,000 1987

2,000 1987



1,900 1972 not listed
not listed
sub Suku Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 50,000 1980 50,000 1980

50,000 1980



74,000 1978 not listed
not listed
szn Sula Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 20,000 1983 20,000 1983

20,000 1983



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
siv Sumariup Papua New Guinea Yes 80 1993 80 1993

65 1981



79 1978 not listed
not listed
six Sumau Papua New Guinea Yes 2,575 2003 2,509 1981

2,509 1981



770 1969 not listed
not listed
sgz Sursurunga Papua New Guinea Yes 3,000 1991 3,000 1991

3,000 1991



1,800 1975 not listed
not listed
sdj Suundi Congo Yes 120,737 2000 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
swc Swahili, Congo Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 1,000 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1992 not listed
not listed
swl Swedish Sign Language Sweden






-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
syc Syriac Turkey (Asia)
0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
tto Ta oih, Lower Laos Yes 15,836 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
tth Ta oih, Upper Laos Yes 49,876 2005 30,000 1981

30,000 1981



11,000 1960 not listed
not listed
tab Tabassaran Russia (Europe) Yes 95,905 2005 96,000 1993

72,800 1979 72,800 1979

55,000 1970 30,000 1958 not listed
tna Tacana Bolivia Yes 1,821 2000 3,500 2000

3,500 1992 3,500 1988

3,500 1978 2,000 1958 not listed
mtz Tacanec Guatemala Yes 21,200 2005 21,200 2000



5,000 1982

5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
taw Tai Papua New Guinea Yes 900 1990 1,000 1990

1,000 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gpn Taiap Papua New Guinea Yes 80 2000 89 1987

74 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
aos Taikat Indonesia (Papua)
500 2000 600 1978

600 1978



600 1978 not listed
not listed
tnq Taino Bahamas
0 2005 0 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tbg Tairora, North Papua New Guinea Yes 6,000 2003 11,500 1996

cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
uar Tairuma Papua New Guinea Yes 4,000 1993 4,000 1993

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tja Tajuasohn Liberia Yes 9,600 1991 9,600 1991

9,600 1991



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
tbc Takia Papua New Guinea Yes 19,619 2003 20,000 1998

12,000 1987



11,000 1975 not listed
not listed
tlj Talinga-Bwisi Uganda Yes 84,357 2005 85,000 2000

60,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
thv Tamahaq, Tahaggart Algeria
62,000 2005 62,000 2000 76,000 1993



not listed
5,686,000 1976 not listed
not listed
tge Tamang, Eastern Gorkha Nepal Yes 3,977 2000 5,800 1990

not listed 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
tdg Tamang, Western Nepal Yes 322,598 2000 320,350 1991

100,000 1989



cluster
not listed
not listed
tfn Tanaina USA Yes 75 1997 75 1997

250 1977 250 1977

250 1977 -1 1958 not listed
tau Tanana, Upper USA Yes 115 1995 115 1995

250 1980



370 1977 -1 1958 not listed
tan Tangale Nigeria Yes 130,000 1995 130,000 1995

100,000 1973



100,000 1973 not listed
not listed
tgg Tangga Papua New Guinea Yes 5,800 1990 5,800 1990

4,976 1972



4,976 1972 not listed
not listed
tgu Tanggu Papua New Guinea Yes 3,000 1991 3,000 1991

3,000 1991



2,430 1971 not listed
not listed
tnf Tangshewi Afghanistan
10,000 1994 10,000 1994

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tbe Tanimbili Solomon Islands Yes 15 1999 190 1998

150 1990



55 1977 not listed
not listed
tza Tanzanian Sign Language Tanzania
-1 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
txn Tarangan, West Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 6,478 1987 6,478 1987

6,478 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tgr Tareng Laos Yes 5,000 1981 5,000 1981

5,000 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tae Tariano Brazil Yes





-1 1992 -1 1988

1,583 1973 1,000 1958 not listed
twq Tasawaq Niger Yes 8,000 1998 8,000 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tav Tatuyo Colombia Yes 350 1983 350 1983

350 1983 350 1983

300 1976 not listed
not listed
trr Taushiro Peru Yes 1 2002 7 1998

18 1976 18 1976

18 1976 not listed
not listed
tsg Tausug Philippines Yes 1,022,000 2005 764,000 1990

492,000 1981



245,000 1978 not listed
not listed
tvs Taveta Kenya Yes 14,358 1989



10,000 1977



10,000 1977 not listed
not listed
tbp Taworta Indonesia (Papua) Yes 140 2000 150 1993

-1 1992



-1 1992 not listed
not listed
tck Tchitchege Gabon Yes 2,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ebo Teke-Eboo Congo Yes











not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
kkw Teke-Kukuya Congo Yes 38,787 2000 21,800 1984

21,800 1984



11,000 1971 not listed
not listed
tel Telugu India
69,688,278 2005



55,000,000 1992 44,709,705 1971

44,707,697 1971 not listed
not listed
tqn Tenino USA Yes 200 1977 200 1977

200 1977 200 1977

200 1977 not listed
not listed
tns Tenis Papua New Guinea Yes 30 2000 49 1972

49 1972



49 1972 not listed
not listed
tex Tennet Sudan Yes 4,000 1994 4,000 1994

3,000 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
keg Tese Sudan Yes 1,400 1971 1,400 1971

1,400 1971



1,400 1971 not listed
not listed
teb Tetete Ecuador Yes 0 2005 0 2000

2 1969 2 1969

2 1969 not listed
not listed
tet Tetun Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 450,000 2005



600,000 1991



420,000 1977 not listed
not listed
tts Thai, Northeastern Thailand
15,000,000 1983 23,000,000 1983

15,000,000 1983



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ths Thakali Nepal Yes 6,441 2001 7,113 1991

4,134 1961



4,134 1961 not listed
not listed
ssf Thao Taiwan Yes 6 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
the Tharu, Chitwania Nepal Yes





30,000 1985



24,718 1971 not listed
not listed
tkt Tharu, Kathoriya Nepal Yes





cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
thr Tharu, Rana Nepal Yes 367,853 2005 264,000 2000

500 1985



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
thd Thayore Australia Yes 150 1991 150 1991

150 1991 200 1982 200 1982 100 1970 not listed
not listed
tou Tho Viet Nam Yes 68,394 1999 30,000 1996

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
thp Thompson Canada Yes 595 1998 595 1998



350 1977

350 1977 not listed
not listed
thu Thuri Sudan Yes 16,720 2000 6,600 1956

6,600 1956



154,000 1971 not listed
not listed
tbj Tiang Papua New Guinea Yes 791 1972 791 1972

791 1972



791 1972 not listed
not listed
ngy Tibea Cameroon Yes 1,400 1992 1,400 1992

2,000 1982



1,000 1971 not listed
not listed
khg Tibetan, Khams China Yes 1,487,000 1994 1,487,000 1994

1,446,200 1987



11,400 1977 not listed
not listed
tid Tidong Indonesia (Kalimantan) Yes 24,882 2005 25,000 1981

25,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
tvo Tidore Indonesia (Maluku) Yes 26,000 1981 26,000 1981

26,000 1981



26,000 1930 not listed
not listed
tgc Tigak Papua New Guinea Yes 6,000 1991 6,000 1991

6,000 1991



4,117 1972 not listed
not listed
txq Tii Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 20,000 2002 -1 2000

cluster




cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
til Tillamook USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 1 1962

1 1962 not listed
not listed
tms Tima Sudan Yes 3,305 2000 1,100 1956

1,100 1956



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
tic Tira Sudan Yes 40,000 1982 40,000 1982

40,000 1982



10,120 1977 not listed
not listed
cir Tiri New Caledonia Yes 264 1996 600 1982

600 1982



600 1978 not listed
not listed
tdq Tita Nigeria Yes 3,416 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
twf Tiwa, Northern USA Yes 927 1980 927 1980

927 1980 1,800 1977

1,800 1977 not listed
not listed
tpc Tlapanec, Azoyú Mexico Yes 682 2005 682 2000

cluster




cluster
not listed
not listed
toz To Cameroon Yes -2 2005 -2 2000

-2 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tgh Tobagonian Creole English Trinidad and Tobago
36,000 1990 36,000 1990

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tox Tobian Palau Yes 22 1995



not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tbv Tobo Papua New Guinea Yes 2,230 1980 2,230 1980

2,230 1980



3,000 1971 not listed
not listed
taz Tocho Sudan Yes 3,800 1977 3,800 1977

3,800 1977



3,800 1977 not listed
not listed
lht Toga Vanuatu Yes 315 1983 315 1983

315 1983



210 1978 not listed
not listed
tpi Tok Pisin Papua New Guinea Yes 121,000 2003 50,000 1982

50,000 1982



10,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zuh Tokano Papua New Guinea Yes 6,000 1982 6,000 1982

6,000 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
toe Tomedes Colombia Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
tnw Tonsawang Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 20,000 1981 20,000 1981

20,000 1981



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ttj Tooro Uganda Yes 488,024 1991 488,024 1991

cluster 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
toq Toposa Sudan Yes 100,000 2000 100,000 1984

105,000 1992



40,000 1971 95,000 1958 not listed
tlp Totonac, Filomena Mata-Coahuitlán Mexico Yes 15,108 2000 12,000 1982

12,000 1982 12,000 1982

7,000 1978 not listed
not listed
tqu Touo Solomon Islands Yes 1,874 1999 1,480 1998

900 1981



259 1976 not listed
not listed
wib Toussian, Southern Burkina Faso Yes





15,900 1991 cluster


cluster
not listed
not listed
trm Tregami Afghanistan
1,000 1994 1,000 1994

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tip Trimuris Indonesia (Papua) Yes 300 1999 300 1999

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
trx Tringgus Malaysia (Sarawak) Yes





350 1981



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
trq Triqui, San Martín Itunyoso Mexico Yes 2,000 1983 2,000 1983

2,000 1983 2,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
cas Tsimané Bolivia Yes 5,316 2000 5,500 2000

5,500 1992 5,500 1988

5,500 1978 3,000 1958 not listed
tsi Tsimshian Canada Yes 800 2005 500 2000







500 1977 -1 1958 not listed
hio Tsoa Botswana Yes 8,536 2004 4,600 2000

9,587 1977 9,587 1977

3,000 1976 not listed
not listed
tsu Tsou Taiwan Yes 2,127 2002 5,000 1982

5,000 1982



4,097 1973 2,000 1957 not listed
tvd Tsuvadi Nigeria Yes 150,000 1998 150,000 1998

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
tuo Tucano Brazil Yes 4,631 2005 5,000 1991

5,000 1991 4,600 1988

4,422 1978 not listed
not listed
tnd Tunebo, Angosturas Colombia Yes 50 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tnb Tunebo, Western Colombia Yes 700 1998 700 1998

-1 1992 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
baz Tunen Cameroon Yes 35,300 1982 35,300 1982

35,300 1982



28,000 1971 not listed
not listed
tqq Tunni Somalia Yes 29,726 2000 60,000 1992

60,000 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ttf Tuotomb Cameroon Yes 1,000 1984 1,000 1984

1,000 1984



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
twt Turiwára Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tuz Turka Burkina Faso Yes





45,300 1991 31,000 1975

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tur Turkish Turkey (Asia)
50,625,794 2005 61,000,000 1999

56,000,000 1991 50,000,000 1988

37,000,000 1977 not listed
not listed
tru Turoyo Turkey (Asia)
84,000 2005 70,000 1994







not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
try Turung India
0 2005 -1 2000

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
tud Tuxá Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 250 1958 not listed
tzj Tz utujil, Eastern Guatemala Yes 50,000 1998 50,000 1998

48,100 1990 25,000 1983

cluster
not listed
not listed
tzc Tzotzil, Chamula Mexico Yes 130,000 1990 130,000 1990

75,000 1991 50,000 1982

84,413 1970 -1 1958 not listed
uby Ubykh Turkey (Europe)
0 2005 0 2000

4 1991 1 1984

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
uge Ughele Solomon Islands Yes 1,202 1999 1,070 1998

650 1981



487 1976 not listed
not listed
uis Uisai Papua New Guinea Yes 2,500 1991 2,500 1991

2,500 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ukg Ukuriguma Papua New Guinea Yes 166 2003 134 1981

134 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ulb Ulukwumi Nigeria Yes 10,000 1992 10,000 1992

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ulm Ulumanda Indonesia (Sulawesi) Yes 30,000 1986 30,000 1986

30,000 1986



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gdn Umanakaina Papua New Guinea Yes 2,400 1987 2,400 1987

2,400 1987



2,400 1975 not listed
not listed
umd Umbindhamu Australia Yes 6 1981 6 1981

6 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ubu Umbu-Ungu Papua New Guinea Yes 34,154 2000 31,000 1998

23,000 1985



35,000 1978 not listed
not listed
mtg Una Indonesia (Papua) Yes 4,000 1991 4,000 1991

5,000 1987



3,500 1978 not listed
not listed
onu Unua Vanuatu Yes 525 2005 525 2000

525 1992



300 1978 not listed
not listed
urf Uradhi Australia Yes 2 1981 2 1981

2 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ura Urarina Peru Yes 3,000 2002 3,000 1998

3,500 1981 3,500 1981

3,500 1976 not listed
not listed
urd Urdu Pakistan
60,503,579 2005



41,260,000 1991 41,260,000 1988

34,100,548 1971 not listed
not listed
urp Uru-Pa-In Brazil Yes 200 1995 200 1995

250 1986 250 1986

250 1978 250 1958 not listed
uum Urum Georgia
192,729 2005 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
uru Urumi Brazil Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
usk Usaghade Cameroon Yes

10,000 1990

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
utu Utu Papua New Guinea Yes 583 1981 583 1981

583 1981



580 1978 not listed
not listed
uve Uvean, West New Caledonia Yes 1,107 1996 1,870 1982

1,870 1982



2,500 1963 not listed
not listed
usu Uya Papua New Guinea Yes 272 2003 93 1987

93 1987



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
uzn Uzbek, Northern Uzbekistan
18,795,591 2005 18,466,000 2000

15,003,000 1992



cluster
not listed
not listed
uzs Uzbek, Southern Afghanistan
1,454,981 2005 1,455,000 2000







cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
tva Vaghua Solomon Islands Yes 1,960 1999 1,650 1998

1,000 1981



871 1976 not listed
not listed
vag Vagla Ghana Yes 13,500 2003 10,000 1992

10,000 1992



6,000 1977 not listed
not listed
vah Varhadi-Nagpuri India
463 1961 463 1961

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vas Vasavi India Yes 900,000 1997



300,000 1985



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vlr Vatrata Vanuatu Yes 600 1983 600 1983

600 1983



500 1978 not listed
not listed
ven Venda South Africa Yes 960,409 2005 750,000 2000

597,000 1990



400,000 1978 not listed
not listed
bav Vengo Cameroon Yes 13,500 1982 13,500 1982

13,500 1982



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
vil Vilela Argentina Yes 20 1981 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
vif Vili Congo Yes 10,995 2005 6,000 1990

6,000 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
vnm Vinmavis Vanuatu Yes 210 1983 210 1983

210 1983



140 1971 not listed
not listed
vis Vishavan India
150 1994 150 2000

150 1992



150 1978 not listed
not listed
wag Wa ema Papua New Guinea Yes 1,023 2000 -1 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
wgo Waigeo Indonesia (Papua) Yes 300 1978 300 1978

300 1978



300 1978 not listed
not listed
wlk Wailaki USA Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

0 1978 not listed
not listed
rro Waima Papua New Guinea Yes 15,000 2000 8,000 1991

8,000 1991



7,627 1973 not listed
not listed
wja Waja Nigeria Yes 60,000 1989 60,000 1989

30,000 1973



30,000 1973 not listed
not listed
wll Wali (Sudan) Sudan Yes 487 1977 487 1977

1,000 1978



487 1977 not listed
not listed
wms Wambon Indonesia (Papua) Yes 3,000 1987 3,000 1987

3,000 1987



2,000 1978 not listed
not listed
waz Wampur Papua New Guinea Yes 360 1990 360 1990

360 1990



200 1970 not listed
not listed
wbi Wanji Tanzania Yes 28,000 2003 60,000 1987

60,000 1987



19,000 1972 not listed
not listed
wba Warao Venezuela Yes













16,000 1958 not listed
war Waray-Waray (Philippines) Philippines Yes 2,437,688 1990 2,437,688 1990

3,000,000 1991



1,800,000 1977 not listed
not listed
wrs Waris Papua New Guinea Yes 4,000 2005 4,000 2000

3,160 1992



2,565 1978 not listed
not listed
wrl Warlmanpa Australia Yes 50 1981 50 1981

50 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
gsp Wasembo Papua New Guinea Yes 586 1980 586 1980

586 1980



400 1970 not listed
not listed
wuy Wauyai Indonesia (Papua) Yes 300 2001 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
wxa Waxianghua China Yes 300,000 1995 300,000 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
oym Wayampi French Guiana Yes 1,180 2005 350 1993 350 1993 320 1989 250 1986 360 1983 132 1978 not listed
not listed
vay Wayu Nepal Yes 1,743 2001 1,500 1974

1,500 1974



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
wed Wedau Papua New Guinea Yes 2,200 2000 1,942 1990

2,200 1973



2,200 1973 not listed
not listed
wew Wejewa Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) Yes 65,000 1997 65,000 1997

75,000 1981



55,000 1978 not listed
not listed
cym Welsh United Kingdom
536,258 2005 580,000 2000

580,000 1992 580,000 1988



not listed
not listed
amw Western Neo-Aramaic Syria
15,000 1996 15,000 1996

10,000 1990



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
wea Wewaw Myanmar Yes 23,874 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
mzh Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay Argentina Yes 15,000 1999 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
wic Wichita USA Yes 3 2000 10 1998

50 1977 50 1977

50 1977 not listed
not listed
wij Wik-Iiyanh Australia Yes 40 1981 40 1981

40 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
wif Wik-Keyangan Australia Yes 3 1981 3 1981

3 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
wir Wiraféd Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

50 1978 50 1958 not listed
wiw Wirangu Australia Yes 2 1981 2 1981

2 1981 not listed 1988 not listed 1984 not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
wog Wogamusin Papua New Guinea Yes 700 1998 700 1998

368 1981



336 1978 not listed
not listed
wux Wulna Australia Yes 1 1981 1 1981

1 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bqm Wumboko Cameroon Yes 4,000 2000 2,500 1977

2,500 1977



2,500 1977 not listed
not listed
wur Wurrugu Australia Yes 0 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
bse Wushi Cameroon Yes 12,350 1982 12,350 1982

12,350 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
xam |Xam South Africa Yes 0 2005 0 2000

-1 1992



-1 1978 not listed
not listed
xan Xamtanga Ethiopia Yes 143,369 1998 143,369 1998

-1 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
axx Xaragure New Caledonia Yes 566 1996 950 1982

950 1982



500 1978 not listed
not listed
xeg ||Xegwi South Africa Yes 0 2005 0 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
xer Xerénte Brazil Yes 1,552 2002 1,200 1993

850 1986 850 1986

500 1978 500 1958 not listed
xir Xiriâna Brazil Yes 903 2003 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 1,000 1958 not listed
ybn Yabaâna Brazil Yes 0 2005 0 2000

0 1992 0 1988

not listed 1978 -1 1958 not listed
jae Yabem Papua New Guinea Yes 2,084 1978 2,084 1978

2,084 1978



2,900 1970 -1 1951 not listed
ybm Yaben Papua New Guinea Yes 702 1981 702 1981

702 1981



600 1971 not listed
not listed
ygm Yagomi Papua New Guinea Yes 283 2003 137 1981

137 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ner Yahadian Indonesia (Papua) Yes 500 1991 500 1991

700 1978



700 1978 not listed
not listed
rhp Yahang Papua New Guinea Yes 1,429 2003 1,182 1978

1,182 1978



900 1971 not listed
not listed
ykk Yakaikeke Papua New Guinea Yes 100 1998 100 1998

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ykm Yakamul Papua New Guinea Yes 3,463 2003 2,118 1981

2,118 1981



909 1978 not listed
not listed
yka Yakan Philippines Yes 116,332 2005



70,000 1987



65,000 1977 not listed
not listed
yak Yakima USA Yes 3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 not listed
not listed
ymp Yamap Papua New Guinea Yes 1,581 2000 670 1980

670 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yat Yambeta Cameroon Yes 3,700 1982 3,700 1982

3,700 1982



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ynl Yangulam Papua New Guinea Yes 405 2000 180 1981

180 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yev Yapunda Papua New Guinea Yes 60 2000 69 1981

69 1981



70 1970 not listed
not listed
yrw Yarawata Papua New Guinea Yes 127 2003 98 1981

98 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yri Yarí Colombia Yes 758 2000 -1 2000

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
yla Yaul Papua New Guinea Yes 1,210 2003 814 1981

814 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yva Yawa Indonesia (Papua) Yes 6,000 1987 6,000 1987

6,000 1987



4,500 1978 not listed
not listed
ywn Yawanawa Brazil Yes 310 1994 310 1994

196 1986 196 1986

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
jnj Yemsa Ethiopia Yes 81,613 1998 81,613 1998

4,000 1982



1,000 1972 not listed
not listed
yra Yerakai Papua New Guinea Yes 390 1981 390 1981

390 1981



326 1971 not listed
not listed
yey Yeyi Botswana Yes 25,200 2005 32,200 2000

10,000 1976 10,000 1976

10,000 1976 not listed
not listed
yif Yi, Ache China Yes 35,000 2003 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yio Yi, Dayao China Yes 170,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yig Yi, Guizhou China
905,000 2002 800,000 1991

563,000 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ylm Yi, Limi China Yes 29,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ymj Yi, Muji China
52,000 2005 not listed (cluster?) 2000

not listed (cluster?) 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ylo Yi, Naluo China Yes 40,000 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ypw Yi, Puwa China Yes 29,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ysn Yi, Sani China Yes 90,000 1991 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
iii Yi, Sichuan China Yes 1,600,000 1991 1,600,000 1991

1,800,000 1990



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yso Yi, Southeastern Lolo China Yes 36,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ywt Yi, Western China Yes 300,000 1991 300,000 1991

750,000 1990



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ywl Yi, Western Lalu China Yes 38,000 2002 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ywu Yi, Wusa China
200,000 2005 not listed 2000

not listed




cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
ydg Yidgha Pakistan
6,145 2000 6,000 1991

6,000 1991



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yii Yidiny Australia Yes 12 1981 12 1981

12 1981



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yee Yimas Papua New Guinea Yes 300 2000 350 1981

350 1981



1,000 1977 not listed
not listed
yib Yinglish USA
-2 2005 -2 2000

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ydk Yoidik Papua New Guinea Yes 766 2003 266 1981

266 1981



200 1971 not listed
not listed
yox Yoron Japan Yes 950 2004 -1 2000

-1 1992



cluster 1978 not listed
not listed
yoy Yoy Thailand Yes 6,000 2005









not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ysl Yugoslavian Sign Language Serbia and Montenegro












not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
yuy Yugur, East China Yes 3,000 1999 3,000 1991

6,150 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ybe Yugur, West China Yes 2,600 1999 4,600 1990

6,150 1990



4,000 1978 not listed
not listed
ykg Yukaghir, Northern Russia (Asia) Yes 150 1995 150 1995

150 1989 cluster 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ybl Yukuben Nigeria Yes 15,950 2005 16,000 2000







-1 1978 not listed
not listed
ems Yupik, Pacific Gulf USA Yes 400 1995 400 1995

600 1990 1,000 1977

1,000 1977 not listed
not listed
ysr Yupik, Sirenik Russia (Asia) Yes 0 2005 1 1995

2 1991



10 1977 not listed
not listed
zak Zanaki Tanzania Yes 62,000 1987 62,000 1987

62,000 1987



23,000 1971 not listed
not listed
zne Zande (specific) Democratic Republic of Congo Yes 1,142,000 2005 1,142,000 2000

1,135,000 1992



700,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zro Záparo Ecuador Yes 1 2000 6 1996

150 1987 150 1987

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zpc Zapotec, Choapan Mexico Yes 24,000 1991 24,000 1991

24,000 1991 17,000 1982

10,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed
zps Zapotec, Coatlán Mexico Yes 500 1992 500 1992

2,500 1977 2,500 1977

2,500 1977 not listed
not listed
zte Zapotec, Elotepec Mexico Yes 200 1990 200 1990

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zpl Zapotec, Lachixío Mexico Yes 6,500 1990 6,500 1990

6,000 1989 6,000 1982

5,000 1978 not listed
not listed
ztm Zapotec, San Augustín Mixtepec Mexico Yes 59 1994 59 1994

not listed 1992 not listed 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zpx Zapotec, San Baltazar Loxicha Mexico Yes 1,500 1990 1,500 1990

2,000 1977 2,000 1977

2,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zab Zapotec, San Juan Guelavía Mexico Yes 28,500 2005 28,000 1990

30,000 1982 30,000 1982

32,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zpf Zapotec, San Pedro Quiatoni Mexico Yes 14,821 2000 15,000 1993

10,000 1991 4,500 1977

4,500 1977 not listed
not listed
zpn Zapotec, Santa Inés Yatzechi Mexico Yes 2,235 1990 2,235 1990

4,000 1983 4,000 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ztl Zapotec, Santiago Lapaguía Mexico Yes 4,200 1983 4,200 1983

4,200 1983 4,200 1983

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zpd Zapotec, Southeastern Ixtlán Mexico Yes 6,000 1992 6,000 1992

-1 1992 -1 1988

-1 1978 not listed
not listed
zsr Zapotec, Southern Rincon Mexico Yes 12,000 1990 12,000 1990

12,000 1991 -1 1988

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zat Zapotec, Tabaa Mexico Yes 2,000 1992 2,000 1992

4,000 1991 2,000 1982

5,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zae Zapotec, Yareni Mexico Yes 6,000 1982 6,000 1982

6,000 1982 6,000 1982

not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zty Zapotec, Yatee Mexico Yes 3,000 1999 3,000 1999

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zav Zapotec, Yatzachi Mexico Yes

2,500 1990

3,000 1977 3,000 1977

3,000 1977 not listed
not listed
zaz Zari Nigeria Yes 20,746 2000



3,950 1950



3,950 1950 not listed
not listed
zeg Zenag Papua New Guinea Yes 1,818 1979 1,818 1979

873 1980



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zen Zenaga Mauritania Yes 300 1998 300 1998

16,000 1992



16,000 1978 not listed
not listed
zhw Zhoa Cameroon Yes -1 2005 not listed 2000

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ccy Zhuang, Southern China Yes 4,000,000 1990 4,000,000 1990

4,000,000 1990



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
ziw Zigula Tanzania Yes 355,000 1993 355,000 1993

336,000 1987



112,000 1971 not listed
not listed
zik Zimakani Papua New Guinea Yes 1,500 1990 1,500 1990

1,500 1990



1,200 1977 not listed
not listed
sih Zire New Caledonia Yes 4 1996 0 2000

30 1982



18 1939 not listed
not listed
pto Zo é Brazil Yes 136 1995 136 1995

not listed 1992



not listed 1978 not listed
not listed
zoh Zoque, Chimalpa Mexico Yes 4,500 1990 4,500 1990

6,000 1992 6,000 1988

6,000 1978 not listed
not listed
zoc Zoque, Copainalá Mexico Yes 10,000 1990 10,000 1990

5,650 1982 5,650 1982

10,000 1978 -1 1958 not listed